Monday, April 19, 2021

Government did not spend R $ 28.9 billion authorized for emergency aid in 2020

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O federal government did not spend R $ 28.9 billion of the resources authorized for the emergency aid last year. The amount corresponds to more than a third of the R $ 80.7 billion of the budget destined to combat the Covid-19 pandemic that was not executed in the previous year.

The figures were highlighted in the study “A country suffocated – Balance of the General Budget of the Union 2020”, of the Institute for Socioeconomic Studies (Inesc), published on Wednesday.

The entity’s assessment is that, coupled with the public expenditure containment discourse, the government took too long to apply the resources that were set aside to mitigate the effects of the pandemic.

In the case of emergency aid, of the R $ 322 billion authorized, only R $ 293 billion were actually paid, highlights the survey.

About equivalent to one year of Bolsa Família

Livi Gerbase, Inesc’s political advisor, recalls that the “surplus” of resources is equivalent to the one-year expenditures of the Bolsa Família program, which cost an average of R $ 30 billion up to the period prior to Covid-19.

– The resources took a long time to get into the hands of the people who needed it and there was money left over, including emergency aid, because there was a reduction in the benefit. This reduction, which was felt at the end of the year reflecting an increase in poverty, could have been smaller – he argues, referring to the decrease in the benefit, which went from five installments from R $ 600 to four from R $ 300.

The almost R $ 29 billion that was not spent last year is equivalent to 66% of the budget reserved for the payment of emergency aid in 2021, which established a much lower limit than last year: R $ 44 billion was allocated to this expense in the proposed amendment to the Emergency Constitution (PEC), resulting in much lower benefits than last year.

Aid is the only action ever resumed

The analyst considers that in 2020 emergency aid was the main political measure to fight the pandemic, which consumed more than half of the extraordinary resources, but was inserted in a context of more mitigation plans.

For this year, the delay in paying the benefit in the face of the resurgence of the pandemic and the non-resumption of actions such as the employment and income maintenance program (BEm) and the financing lines for companies, make the scenario more delicate.

The government has already confirmed that it will reissue these programs, but there is still no definition of funding sources. The stalemate in relation to the budget sanction also causes further delays.

– Emergency aid will be much more necessary because the economic crisis and the sanitary crisis continue, and the aid remains the last protection mattress, since we do not have the maintenance of other policies – he analyzes.

The problem, in this case, is the new value of the benefit. In order to fit the R $ 44 billion limit, the new emergency aid will be paid to fewer people and will have lower amounts.

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