Prime Time Zone, Features: Did you know that Indians used bronze helmets, pots and chariots for wars as early as 4,000 years ago? The Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) has confirmed that chariots were used extensively during the Harappan and Indus Valley Civilizations, and that earlier or contemporary Indian warriors made extensive use of bronze objects, chariots, and wooden artefacts. Discovery Plus Channel is producing and airing a documentary titled ‘Secrets of Sanauli’. How did the Archaeological Department find these things so far? Where do these warriors come from? What was their culture and civilization like? Where did the remains of the warriors come from? Read this story and find out for yourself.
Sriram Sharma, a farmer from Sanauli village in Baghpat district of Uttar Pradesh, went to his farm in 2005 as usual. The skeleton and copper pots came out while he was flattening the land on his farm. The matter caused a stir locally in the media. A team from the Archaeological Survey of India entered the field. Farmer Sharma started excavations in the land. After 13 months of excavations, chariots, coffins, pots, skeletons, and the world’s oldest copper helmet were discovered. Artifacts made of wood, as well as other bronze armor, remain intact. Scientists say they are 4,000 years old. ‘We are studying the history based on the bronze furnace, other remains, and objects made of wood that were unearthed at this place. Still takes time. How did the coffins put copper coatings on other objects? We are doing research on these issues, ”said Prime Time Zone Ahluwalia, site in-charge.
Archaeologists are still struggling to gather enough evidence before reaching the final conclusions about the location of the largest burial ground in India at Sanauli. It is believed that bronze chariots were used by the Sanauli warrior tribe during that period. Thus the Aryan invasion theory is said to be fictional. However, the matter is still under investigation. Horse-drawn carriages, however, were used in the Mesopotamian and Sumerian civilizations of the time. Scientists have analyzed models based on excavated chariots that did not even run on horses. Historians claim that there were chariots driven by oxen during the Harappan civilization. The Archaeological Survey of India first excavated Sanauli in 2005 for 13 months and conducted two excavations from 2018 to 2019.
The Discovery Plus Channel has produced a 55-minute documentary with full details on the remains found in Sanauli. It has been streaming since the 9th of last month. The documentary is directed by Neeraj Pandey and stars veteran actor Manoj Bhajpayee. Experts Dr. VN Prabhakar and Dr. BR Mani, IIT Gandhinagar, are also conducting research on the excavations. The findings here are described as questioning Western hegemonic narratives. Are Sanauli warriors in Harappan civilization? Not their contemporaries? The findings are based on archeological finds and remains. The chariots, torches, swords, coffins, armor, and helmets found by archaeologists are made of bronze, so it is believed that the Sanauli warrior tribe was aware of the use of bronze. Thus some say they were part of the Harappan civilization and representatives of the Bronze Age. However, there is no scientific evidence for this.
‘Based on the size of the pots found during the excavations in 2005 and the material used to make them, it has been determined that they belong to the Harappan civilization. But the chariots are not from the Harappan period, ‘said Dr Sanjay Kumar Manjul, director of the Archaeological Survey of India. Based on the comb, mirror, and bead found by scientists as part of the archaeological excavations, it appears that the Sanauli inhabitants preferred physical appearance. The copper coating on the top of the coffin, along with the inner skeletal cage, is thought to have been used to bury the arrow and bow. Archaeologists are still struggling to gather enough evidence before reaching the final conclusions about the location of the site, which could be used to predict the evolution of history.