Americans’ Attitudes Toward Vaccination


In recent weeks, the rate of vaccination in the US has increased even more. Addressing the nation, President Biden called on state governments to ensure that by May 1, all adult Americans have the opportunity to receive the vaccine.

So President Biden hopes that on July 4, American Independence Day, Americans will be able to celebrate in a close family circle. At the same time, the vaccination campaign is becoming more widespread in the country. Based on research conducted by the authoritative research organization Pius, here are 10 facts about Americans’ attitudes toward vaccination.

1. By mid-February, about 7 out of 10 Americans said they would definitely, or likely would, get the Covid-19 vaccine. Among them, 19% said they had already received at least one dose of the vaccine.

In May 2020, a survey conducted by the think tank Pius found that 72% of Americans were ready to receive the coronavirus vaccine when it became available. In the months that followed, people’s moods became more volatile. In September last year, 51% of Americans surveyed expressed readiness to get the vaccine. That rate rose to 60% in November – shortly before the U.S. approved the first vaccine for emergency use.

The research center says that the increase in the proportion of Americans who are ready to receive the vaccine, or have already received at least one dose, coincides with the official data of the government, according to which the number of people wishing to be vaccinated and already vaccinated people is growing steadily.

2. Americans 65 and older are more likely to say they will be vaccinated, or have already been, than young people, according to a mid-February study, Pew said.

In a survey conducted over the same period of time, 85% of Americans over the age of 65 said they would definitely, or likely, get the vaccine. 45% of them said they had already received at least one dose of the vaccine.

There is a difference in demographic groups in this age group, including those who claimed to have already received the vaccine. For example, 6 out of 10 high-income Americans said they had already received at least one dose of the vaccine – 57%. The median income rate among Americans is 42%. 24% among low-income earners.

Studies by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention show that older people are at higher risk than young people. The CDC recommends that older people be among the priority groups for vaccination.

3. More Democrats say they will get the vaccine, or have already done so, than Republicans. In the last few months, in this regard, the gap between the parties has widened.

Approximately 8 out of 10 Democrats, or 83% of Democratic Party supporters, said they would definitely get the vaccine, or have already received at least one dose.

The number of Republicans or Republican supporters who say the same is much lower – 56%.

During the pandemic, Republicans saw less Democrats spreading the coronavirus as a major threat to public health. In February 2021, 41% of Republicans considered the coronavirus to be the main threat to public health. In Democrats, the figure was 82%.

4. Religious groups

9 out of 10 atheists say the vaccine will definitely be made, or has already been made. 80% say the same among agnostics, 77% among Catholics. These rates are relatively low among black Protestants – 64% and even lower among white evangelicals – 54%. 45% of white evangelicals say they will not, or probably will not, get the vaccine.

Often, religious affiliation is correlated with party affiliation. But even among Republicans, white evangelical Protestants are the least likely to express their willingness to get the vaccine.

5. Compared to other racial or ethnic groups, the least black Americans are willing to get the vaccine.

In a February survey, about 6 out of 10 black Americans said they would get the vaccine, or had already received one dose of inim. Their percentage is 61%. In November last year, the figure was 42%.

But the proportion of black Americans in other racial or ethnic groups who are willing to be vaccinated is still small. 91% of Azeris, 70% of Hispanics and 69% of whites say they get the vaccine.

6. Public opinion about getting the vaccine, among other factors, is largely driven by trust in the vaccine research and development process.

In addition to demographic differences, readiness to receive the vaccine is also conditioned by confidence in its research and development. In February, 96% of people who expressed confidence in the vaccine research and development process were also willing to receive the vaccine. 21% of people who do not have full confidence in its research and development process expressed their readiness to receive the vaccine.

The percentage of people who get the flu vaccine every year is 39 percent higher than those who do not get the flu vaccine every year.

7. Side effects and the speed of the research and development process – these two things determine the position of people who plan to refuse the vaccine.

Among those who said in a February survey that they actually refused to receive the vaccine, 72% said the reason for this was possible side effects. 67% name the reason for the speed of the vaccine development process. Six out of 10 respondents said they would like to know more about how the vaccine works. 42% think that the Covid019 vaccine is not needed at all. 36% say they generally refuse to get the vaccine.

8. Americans დაახლოებით sees a link between vaccination and improving the country’s economy.

Fifty-one percent of American adults surveyed believe that vaccination will help improve the country’s economy. 25% believe that vaccination will help the economy “slightly”. 22% believe that vaccinating the population will not have a big impact on the economy.

9. About 6 out of 10 Americans say the spread of new variants of the coronavirus makes vaccination even more important.

58% of the respondents think so. 32% of adults say that the spread of new variants of the virus does not change their attitude towards the importance of vaccination. Even 8% believe that against the background of the spread of new options, vaccination has become even less important.

10. Most Americans believe that before delivering the vaccine to developing countries, access to the vaccine should be a priority for Americans.

It has grown by about a third – 66% say the US wants to ensure there is enough vaccine in the country even if it means developing countries will have to wait longer for it. Three in 10 Americans say the United States should ensure that vaccines are available to developing countries – even if it means waiting longer for a vaccine in the United States.