Deputies accepted the version approved by the Senate; only highlight, presented by Novo, intended to re-include transfers of funds to religious, philanthropic and community schools
A Chamber of Deputies concluded this Thursday, the 17th, the vote on the bill that regulates the transfer of resources from the Basic Education Development Fund (Fundeb) from next year. The deputies accepted the version approved by the Senate, which excluded the changes made by the Chamber with amendments. The matter will now be sent to presidential sanction. The only highlight voted, presented by the Novo party, intended to reinclude in the text of the rapporteur, Deputy Felipe Rigoni (PSB-ES), the transfers of resources from Fundeb to religious, philanthropic and community schools, an amendment withdrawn this Tuesday, 15, by Senate. The draft regulation could transfer up to R $ 12.8 billion per year from the public network to these institutions, as calculated by Todos pela Educação. There were 163 deputies in favor of the highlight and 286 against.
Another device withdrawn by the Senate expanded the list of professionals who could have salaries paid with funds from the fund. According to the text of the Chamber, employees of philanthropic and religious entities, as well as outsourced employees from the public network, would enter the calculation. The report approved by the senators limits the definition to teachers, psychologists and social workers who work directly in schools. In addition, the Senate withdrew the inclusion of enrollments in vocational secondary education linked to System S (Senai, Sesi and Senac) in Fundeb transfers. The President of the Chamber of Deputies, Rodrigo Maia (DEM-RJ), stated that the regulation of the new Fund will generate advances in Brazilian education. “Even with divergence, the deputies built a text that will certainly advance the quality of Brazilian education”, he declared.
From 2021, the Union will have to increase the complementation of Fundeb resources from the current 10% to 23%, in six years. The regulation guarantees the operation of the distribution criteria. As a result, 1,471 cities will start to receive the Union’s share. The number refers to poorer municipalities in wealthy states that did not have the extra resources. Created in 2006 to replace the Fund for the Maintenance and Development of Elementary Education and the Enhancement of Teaching (Fundef), Fundeb came into force the following year from a constitutional amendment. Resources are obtained through taxes municipal and state funds, in addition to the contribution from the Union. The amount is distributed according to the number of students enrolled in the basic education network, following the School Census of the previous year. At least 60% of the total value of the fund is used to pay teachers. In 2020, the fund moved R $ 162 billion.
* With information from Agência Câmara