Between 1884 and 1915, tens of thousands of hereroes and namas were killed or placed in concentration camps after rebelling against the seizure of their land
A Germany admitted on Friday, 28, that he committed genocide during the colonization of Namibia at the beginning of the 20th century. The recognition was made by the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Heiko Mass, who also announced financial support for the African country of more than € 1.1 billion. The value will be awarded over three decades through investments in infrastructure, health and training programs that benefit affected communities. “In light of Germany’s historical and moral responsibility, we will ask forgiveness from Namibia and the descendants of the victims. Now we are going to officially refer to these events as they are from today’s perspective: genocide, ”he said. THE United Nations (UN) defines genocide as a series of acts committed with the intention of destroying, in whole or in part, a national, ethnic, racial or religious group. It is estimated that tens of thousands of herero and namas, equivalent to 80% of these populations, died during the massacres carried out under German occupation between 1884 and 1915. The murders began after a rebellion of these two ethnic groups against the seizures of their lands and cattle. The few survivors were placed in concentration camps, where they were enslaved, sexually exploited or used as objects of medical experimentation. Some remains were used as part of a now discredited survey to try to prove the superiority of white Europeans.
Germany is expected to sign a declaration acknowledging its responsibility for these crimes next month, during a ceremony in the capital Windhoek. On that occasion, the president is expected to Frank-Walter Steinmeier travel to Namibia to officially apologize. The British television broadcaster BBC points out that, although the decision was seen as an important step, some authorities in the African country argue that the measures are not sufficient to cover the “irreversible damage” caused during colonization. News agency sources Reuters they also said that traditional leaders considered Namibia to have accepted this agreement with Germany as a kind of betrayal. Recognition of the genocide of the Herero and Namas takes place the day after the president Emmanuel Macron admit responsibility for France on the extermination of Tutsis and Hutus in Rwanda.