It seems that there is a new crisis looming on the horizon between the European Union countries, specifically France and Germany, on the one hand, and Israel and America on the other, because of the occupied city of Jerusalem, and the extent to which it should be included in a clear agreement between the Palestinians and Israelis based on the principle of the two-state solution.
In this context, some European Union ambassadors to Israel boycotted the celebration of American Independence Day, which was held at the American Embassy in occupied Jerusalem, on the fourth of July.
The Hebrew newspaper Yedioth Ahronoth quoted sources as saying that the ambassadors of Germany and France were among the ambassadors who were invited and preferred not to attend, because Europe does not recognize Jerusalem as the capital of Israel.
The sources added that with regard to the European Union, Jerusalem was and remains an integral part of the potential agreement for a two-state solution, and therefore refuses to recognize it as the capital of Israel.
The French embassy did not respond to a request for clarification from the Israeli newspaper, while the German embassy said: “Our position on the issue of Jerusalem has not changed.”
Also, the European envoys expressed their rejection of the American ceremony because the American embassy building is located behind the Green Line.
The ceremony was attended by the ambassadors of Romania, Britain, and representatives of the embassies of Kosovo, Australia, Norway, Honduras, Guatemala and Canada.
The US embassy ceremony was attended by Israeli Prime Minister Naftali Bennett, Communications Minister Yoaz Hendel, Jerusalem Mayor Moshe Leon, and Israel Police Commissioner Yaakov Shabtai.
Read also: After he promoted the “deal of the century” and pressured Abbas to accept it.. Ibn Salman: Moving the US embassy to Jerusalem is a “painful step”!
The decision of the European ambassadors caused great embarrassment, especially for the United States, after the steps of US President Joe Biden, positively renewing relations with the European Union, after 4 tense years under the administration of former US President Donald Trump.
Israel had occupied East Jerusalem in 1967, then announced its annexation in a move rejected by the international community.
So far, only 4 countries have moved their embassies to Jerusalem, namely the United States of America, Kosovo, Guatemala and Honduras.
The two-state solution
The two-state solution is a proposed solution to the Arab-Israeli conflict, which is in contrast to attempts centered around the one-state solution, which does not enjoy the support of most countries.
This solution is based on two states in historic Palestine living side by side, namely the state of Palestine alongside the state of Israel, which was approved in Security Council Resolution 242 after the 1967 war and Israel’s control over the rest of the lands of historic Palestine.
Some Palestinians adopted these principles in 1974 in the interim program of the Palestinian National Council, which was opposed by some Palestinian factions at the time, forming what is known as the rejection front.
It later became the reference for the negotiations in the Oslo Accords of 1993 between the Palestine Liberation Organization and Israel.
West Bank and Gaza Strip
Today, since its establishment in 1994, the Palestinian Authority has negotiated the establishment of an independent Palestinian state in the West Bank and Gaza Strip (which together constitute 22% of the area of historical Palestine).
Large Palestinian cities such as East Jerusalem, Gaza, Nablus, Hebron and Ramallah are located in these two areas.
The authority shall take Ramallah and Gaza as a temporary headquarters for its institutions, pending negotiations to reach a solution.
Currently, the West Bank and the Gaza Strip are subject to a mixed mode of governance, and while certain parts of it enjoy autonomy, other parts of it are still under Israeli occupation.
The political status of the Gaza Strip is particularly complicated since the Israeli army withdrew from it in 2005 without an agreement between Israel and the Palestinian Authority on the nature of the authority there, as well as because of Hamas’ control over it despite the Palestinian Authority’s opposition to that.
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