The Shura Council of the Palestinian resistance movement Hamas re-elected Ismail Haniyeh for the post of head of the movement’s political bureau, for a second term extending from this year until 2025.
In this context, “Reuters” quoted Palestinian officials today, Sunday, as saying that the Shura Council of the Islamic Resistance Movement (Hamas) re-elected Ismail Haniyeh as head of its political bureau for a new term.
The Turkish Anadolu Agency quoted an informed source as saying that the movement’s leadership circles agreed to elect Haniyeh, who has been heading the Hamas political bureau since 2017.
The source added that the agreement to renew Haniyeh’s election for a second term was based on the lack of a competing personality, after Khaled Meshaal abstained from competing for the leadership of the movement.
Meshaal is currently holding the presidency of the foreign territory of the “Hamas” movement, after he was elected to this position, last April.
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While Saleh al-Arouri was elected president of the West Bank region, in July.
Meanwhile, Yahya al-Sinwar holds the presidency of the Gaza Strip region, after his election in March of this year.
It is noteworthy that by electing Haniyeh as its president, Hamas will have completed its internal elections for the current term 2021-2025, which began on February 18, while the election of the deputy head of the Political Bureau remains at a later time.
Hamas holds its internal elections every four years, in circumstances surrounded by secrecy; Due to considerations related to the security pursuit by Israel.
In this context, Al-Quds newspaper reported that the Hamas Shura Council convened on Saturday and elected Haniyeh.
She added that today, Sunday, a deputy for Haniyeh and the rest of the movement’s political bureau will be elected.
It is noteworthy that, according to the internal legal text of Hamas, it is allowed to elect its president for two consecutive terms.
Who is Ismail Haniyeh?
And Ismail Abdel Salam Ahmed Haniyeh, born in 1963, is the head of the political bureau of the Islamic Resistance Movement (Hamas) and prime minister of the tenth Palestinian government, and his nickname is Abu al-Abed.
Haniyeh was born in the Shati refugee camp, and then served as Prime Minister of Palestine, after Hamas won an absolute majority in the 2006 Palestinian Legislative Council elections.
Then, Palestinian National Authority President Mahmoud Abbas dismissed him on June 14, 2007, in a controversial move, following the events of the military decision in June 2007.
He became nicknamed by most of the media and the Palestinian National Authority as the Prime Minister of the dismissed government, which is in charge of business according to the Palestinian constitution, until the government he was entrusted with forming Salam Fayyad is granted confidence by the Palestinian Legislative Council.
His upbringing and education
Ismail Haniyeh was born in the Shati refugee camp on May 23, 1963, where his parents took refuge from the city of Ashkelon after the Nakba.
Then he studied at the Islamic University of Gaza. In 1987, he graduated from the Islamic University after obtaining a BA in Arabic literature, and then received an honorary doctorate from the Islamic University in 2009.
his student activity
Haniyeh began his activity within the “Islamic Bloc”, which represented the student arm of the Muslim Brotherhood, and from which the Islamic resistance movement Hamas emerged.
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He served as a member of the Student Council of the Islamic University in Gaza between 1983 and 1984, then in the following year he assumed the position of President of the Student Council.
During this period, the university witnessed sharp differences between the Islamic bloc and the Fatah youth, which represented the student arm of the Fatah movement, which was headed by Dahlan at the university. After graduating, he worked as a teaching assistant at the university, and then took over administrative affairs.
Imprisonment and deportation
He was imprisoned by the Israeli authorities in 1989 for three years, after which he was exiled to Marj al-Zohour on the Lebanese-Palestinian border with a group of Hamas leaders, where he spent a whole year in deportation. 1992.
After spending a year in exile, he returned to Gaza and was appointed dean of the Islamic University of Gaza.
And in 1997 he was appointed head of the office of Sheikh Ahmed Yassin, the spiritual leader of Hamas, after his release.
Haniyeh’s position in Hamas was strengthened during the Al-Aqsa Intifada because of his relationship with Sheikh Ahmed Yassin and because of the Israeli assassinations of the movement’s leadership.
In December 2005, he headed the Change and Reform List, which won the majority in the second Palestinian legislative elections in 2006.
On February 16, 2006, Hamas nominated him for the position of Prime Minister of Palestine, and he was appointed on the twentieth of that month.
On June 30, 2006, the Israeli government threatened to assassinate him unless the captured Israeli soldier Gilad Shalit was released.
On June 14, 2007, Haniyeh was dismissed from his position as prime minister by Palestinian National Authority President Mahmoud Abbas, after the Izz al-Din al-Qassam Brigades, the military wing of Hamas, took control of the security forces’ centers in the Gaza Strip.
Haniyeh rejected the decision because he considered it “unconstitutional” and described it as hasty, stressing that “his government will continue its duties and will not abandon its national responsibilities towards the Palestinian Prime Time Zone.”
The Palestinian Legislative Council considered the dismissal an illegal act, and he continued his position in the Gaza Strip as the head of the dismissed government, which is in charge of business, until he granted confidence to another government of the Legislative Council.
On July 25, 2009, during the graduation ceremony of the twenty-eighth class at the Islamic University of Gaza, the university administration awarded Ismail Haniyeh an honorary doctorate and the Medal of Honor, first class, in appreciation of his efforts in serving the Palestinian cause.
Reconciliation with Fatah
Haniyeh called for Palestinian reconciliation with the Fatah movement and announced his acceptance several times to relinquish the premiership in the context of comprehensive reconciliation.
He actually gave it up on June 2, 2014, to Rami Hamdallah, and Haniyeh said when handing the government: “Today, I hand over the government voluntarily and in the interest of the success of national unity and resistance in all its forms in the next stage.”
Head of the political bureau of Hamas after his election in May 2017, to succeed Khaled Meshaal.
– Prime Minister of Palestine, from 2006 until June 14, 2007, and then continued as Prime Minister of the so-called dismissed government in the Gaza Strip until June 1, 2014.
Member of the political leadership of Hamas.
– Director of Sheikh Ahmed Yassin’s office.
Former member of the Supreme Administrative Board of the Islamic Society.
President of the Islamic Society Club in Gaza for nearly ten years.
Former Secretary of the Board of Trustees of the Islamic University of Gaza.
Director of Administration at the Islamic University earlier.
Former Director of Academic Affairs at the Islamic University.
Former member of the Board of Trustees of the Islamic University.
Member of the Movement’s Higher Dialogue Committee with Palestinian Factions and the Authority
Member of the High Follow-up Committee of the Intifada, representing Hamas.
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