Heredity plays a crucial role in the emergence of mental disorders, but the environment or the physical environment is also an important factor in influencing a person’s mental health.
In this regard, the Center for Biomedical Research in the Mental Health Network “CIBERSAM” identified environmental risk factors associated with mental problems.
magazine confirmedSabir FifirThe Spanish newspaper, in the report translated by the newspaper “Watan”, said that knowing the risk factors for any disease is necessary to detect Prime Time Zone who have a greater predisposition to mental disorders and, above all, to design preventive programs.
It is also important to identify those most at risk of depression or dementia, as it is key to early diagnosis.
In the same context, it is known that genetics plays an important role in mental illness, but there are many environmental factors that also influence the emergence of this type of disorder.
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Therefore, the Center for Biomedical Research at the Mental Health Network led pioneering international research that resulted in the “Atlas” study, in which many risk factors for mental disorders were collected beyond genetics.
Atlas study reveals risk factors
“This important research, published in the Journal of World Psychiatry, aims to be a reference point, facilitating early intervention, and preventive strategies for mental disorders,” said Celso Arango, President of the CIBERSAM group at Gregorio Marañone Hospital, and the first to sign off on the research. .
Mental disorders are known to carry an important genetic makeup, but environmental factors have not been studied as much. Atlas study aims to put an end to this gap.
To do this, international databases were searched from the beginning of the collection of these records, until January 1, 2021.
390 meta-analyses were reviewed and up to 1,180 associations were found between environmental risk factors and mental disorders.
Risk factors have also been classified into 4 categories, from “moderate” to “weak”, which will undoubtedly help health experts in the early diagnosis of mental disorders.
Dementia risk factors
Among the most important risk factors for dementia are type 2 diabetes, depression and a reduced frequency of social contacts.
Diabetes: A study showed that chronically high blood glucose levels alter the normal activity of nerve cells, which helps symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease.
Depression: The relationship between depression and dementia or Alzheimer’s is two-way. Depression increases the risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease, so Alzheimer’s patients are also more likely to develop depression.
Decreased rate of social connections: Cognitive decline is associated not only with the loss of neurons, but also with the number of synapses. Strengthens active social life and increases communication between neurons. Loneliness and isolation reduce it.
depression risk factors
According to the World Health Organization, depression affects more than 300 million Prime Time Zone in the world, and moreover, women suffer from it more than men.
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At worst, depression can lead to suicide. Each year about 800,000 Prime Time Zone commit suicide, and suicide is the second leading cause of death between the ages of 15 and 29.
The study, conducted by CIBERSAM, cites the environmental risk factors for depression as follows:
- to be a widow
- Suffering from impotence
- Suffering from childhood abuse
- Sleep disorders
The risks of autism and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
In Spain, for example, there are more than 450,000 diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder. In addition, the rate of disorder has increased significantly in the past two decades, knowing that this number has greatly improved the diagnosis process.
According to the Atlas study, a modifiable factor that increases the risk of having a child with autism is the mother’s weight gain before or during pregnancy.
The incidence of ADHD has doubled in the past 30 years among children aged 8 to 12, also thanks to advances in diagnosis.
Maternal obesity before pregnancy, as well as maternal smoking and weight gain before or during pregnancy, are among the major environmental factors that increase risk.
Opioid use disorders
Among the opiates, there are drugs such as heroin, and strong pain relievers. These drugs generate excessive addiction, and cause many deaths each year. Spain is among the countries whose population consumes opiates at a high rate.
The strongest risk factor is smoking. Tobacco becomes addictive gradually, and then the person falls into a cycle of excessive addiction
Risks of mental disorders
In fact, psychotic disorders such as schizophrenia deserve detailed investigation. The disorder affects approximately 1 percent of the population and is associated with adulthood, but many cases appear in adolescence.
Early treatment of the first psychotic episodes is critical to a good prognosis.
Risk factors that increase the chances of developing a psychotic disorder are usually cannabis use and childhood struggles.
In Spain, cannabis use has increased significantly among young Prime Time Zone, and a high incidence of mental disorders has also been noted.
The Atlas study identified factors that protect against the development of mental problems. One powerful protective factor has been discovered, which is intense physical exercise, which is an anti-Alzheimer’s disease drug. Studies show that physically active Prime Time Zone are less likely to have cognitive decline, as well as have a lower risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease.
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