Replacing the covering of the Kaaba with one made of silk and coated with gold… Learn about the details of its weaving (video) | A homeland tweeting outside the flock


Today, Monday, the General Presidency for the Affairs of the Grand Mosque and the Prophet replaced the covering of the Kaaba, according to the annual custom in Mecca.

This comes at a time when the pilgrims of the House of God began to flock to the level of Arafat, to perform the greatest pillar of the pilgrimage, after spending the day of Tarwiyah and their overnight stay in Mina, east of Mecca.

The specified team from the General Administration of King Abdulaziz Complex for the Kiswah of the Holy Kaaba dismantled the old kiswa and installed the new one, then installed it in the corners and surface of the Kaaba.

The presidency has also secured all precautionary measures and means of prevention and safety so that this process takes place in the utmost levels of security and safety.

The new kiswa consisting of four separate sides and the door curtain was installed, as each of the four sides of the Kaaba was raised separately to the top of the Kaaba in preparation for its unfolding on the old side.

The side was also fixed from above by tying it down and dropping the other end of the side, after the ropes of the old side had been loosened, by moving the new side up and down in a permanent motion.

After that, the old side fell from below and the new side remained. The process was repeated four times for each side until the dress was completed, then the belt was weighed in a straight line on the four sides by sewing it.

shard side

The Under-Secretary-General for the Affairs of the Grand Mosque, Dr. Saad bin Muhammad al-Muhaimid, said: “This process began first from the side of the pit, due to the presence of the gutter that has its own opening at the top of the garment.”

He added, “After all sides were fixed, the corners were fixed by sewing them from the top of the dress to the bottom, and after that was done, the curtain was put on, which needed time and mastery in the work.”

He pointed out that this was done by making a hole in the black cloth estimated to be about 3.30 meters wide until the end of the dress.

He continued, “Then three holes were made in the black cloth to fix the curtain from under the cloth, and finally the ends were fixed by sewing them in the black cloth to the dress.”

Details of the covering of the Kaaba

Al-Muhaimid indicated that the cladding is draped from the outside with patterns woven with black textile threads (in the jacquard manner) on which the words “Oh God, O God” were written on it (there is no god but God, Muhammad is the Messenger of God), (Glory be to God and praise be to Him), (Glory be to God the Great) and (O Dayan). O Mannan) These phrases are repeated on all the covering cloths.

He explained that the number of gilded coverings of the Kaaba is (53) pieces of gold, including (16) pieces for the belt, (7) pieces under the belt, (4) Samdiat, (17) lamps, (5) pieces for the door curtain, and a piece for the corner Al-Yamani, and (2) Kinar, and the mizab ornament.

He stated that the kiswa consumes about 670 kilograms of raw silk, which was dyed black inside the complex, 120 kilograms of gold wire, and 100 silver wires.

A “record” in replacing the covering of the Kaaba

Al-Muhaimid indicated that about 200 manufacturers and administrators work in the King Abdulaziz Complex for the covering of the Kaaba, all of whom are trained, qualified and specialized citizens.

He indicated that the complex’s departments are: the laundry department, the automatic weaving department, the manual weaving department, the printing department, the belt department, and the gold department.

It includes a section for sewing and assembling the livery, which includes the largest sewing machine in the world in terms of length, with a length of 16 meters, and works by computer system.

And he indicated that there are some support departments such as: laboratory, administrative services, quality, public and health relations for workers, and occupational safety in the complex.

Specifications of the quality of the covering of the Kaaba

In a related context, the Presidency of the Two Holy Mosques Affairs in Saudi Arabia revealed the method of measuring and specifications for the quality of the materials used and the final outputs of the covering of the Kaaba.

In the details, the Presidency of the Two Holy Mosques explained: “The General Presidency for the Affairs of the Grand Mosque and the Prophet’s Mosque is conducting 22 tests, to ensure the quality of the covering of the Kaaba.”

Read also: The Day of Tarwiyah.. What is it and why is it called by this name, and what is its preference for non-pilgrims?

She indicated that this was done through the use of 16 international devices that measure the quality of the materials used and the final output of the most expensive dress.

She pointed out that “the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia attaches great importance to the manufacture of the covering of the Kaaba, since the era of the founder King Abdulaziz bin Abdul Rahman Al Saud, all the way to the prosperous era of King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud.

And she continued: “It has evolved over the years, and the blessed state has allocated all capabilities for the sake of the old house.”

And she continued: “It qualified national cadres to sew and manufacture livery, and provided modern technologies and equipment, and everything that would serve the Sacred House of God.”

A special laboratory to analyze the quality of the cladding

The Presidency added: “The laboratory for analyzing the quality of the covering of the ancient house, which is supervised by the General Presidency for the Affairs of the Grand Mosque and the Prophet’s Mosque, located in the King Abdul Aziz Complex for the covering of the Kaaba, is one of the contemporary evidence of the great care and care that the government of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia gives in the service of the House of God. forbidden”.

She pointed out that the Kingdom has brought the latest devices, equipment and chemical laboratories for analyzing silk threads, raw cotton, various types of textiles and samples of precious metals.

And she indicated that “there are many types of samples and ways to test their quality, through devices dedicated to each sample, to verify the durability and the quality of colors and dyes.”

24 batches for the dress

She added, “Samples are taken in a random way through several stages, which are sampling of raw silk threads, which are also taken when batches of raw silk arrive at the complex.”

And she continued: “Then the dyed silk samples were taken from the dyeing department, which included 24 batches for the garment, 12 batches for the maintenance of the dress, and the raw cotton samples that are taken when the cotton arrives at the complex.”

And she continued: “Then cotton samples dyed in yellow, which are taken according to the produced batches after being dyed in the laundry department, and samples of precious metals for gold and silver when they arrive at the complex, which are used in embroidering the gilts of the Kaaba dress, and textile samples, which are divided into gentlemen woven samples, and woven samples. Engraved”.

The Presidency indicated that “the samples go through a journey between a number of departments, in which the matching is done before being installed on the Kaaba, and the samples are taken and their numbers are according to the scientific methods used in the complex.”

“Each test has a dedicated method in the number of samples, which should be five samples for each batch and test,” she said.

And she continued: “The samples are adapted according to the requirements of the test, some of which need to heat the sample at a certain temperature and for a certain period, as well as programming and adapting the test device according to each method.”

And she continued: “With the requirements mentioned in that method, then testing the samples in the designated device, the conditions and the specified period.”

She explained that, “After the test, the samples in the specific device are adapted to the specific conditions and duration of their measurement, and then the results of the samples are measured with the specified device in a scientific way and compared with the standards used in the complex.”

Special devices for the Kaaba dress

She added that the devices provided by the General Presidency for the Affairs of the Grand Mosque and the Prophet’s Mosque to ensure the quality of the dress of the Kaaba are 16 devices with international specifications, and they are the following:

– A sample dyeing test device and a machine for washing and dyeing silk samples, which consists of 8 boxes, each box in which a sample of silk is placed in the form of paralysis, and the washing materials are placed inside the boxes.

The device is operated until the temperature reaches 95 degrees Celsius and remains inside the cans until the second day.

To operate the machine on the second day to put the dyeing materials and auxiliary materials at a temperature of 90 degrees Celsius.

– A device for testing the resistance of dye to washing, and there are 8 boxes inside the device.. Each box contains a piece of silk cloth, and chemicals are placed inside the cans to be tested.”

A scale device to find out the weight of washing and dyeing materials and the weight of silk.

– A color detection device in natural light, and silk samples are placed inside the device to examine them and determine the degree of their tolerance to natural factors.

Sample drying device, in which dyed and washed silk samples are placed after they are removed from the dyeing machine for drying.

– A device for preserving samples from moisture, and silk samples are placed before washing and after dyeing in order to take a correct reading of them.

Thickness device, in which a sample of the plain and patterned cloth is placed to know the thickness of the cloth after the weaving process from the automated section.

– A color matching device, which is placed in the sample, and it is a reference for matching the color of silk and thread in the factory. A sample of fabric is taken for each production from the automated department.

– A thread twirling device to know the number of twirling threads per meter, and this device works to ensure the quality of the threads and their compliance with the standards set by the factory.

– The garment’s resistance device to moisture, heat and light, and samples of woven silk are placed inside the device.

There are 8 samples, and a test is conducted for them to determine their tolerance to moisture, heat and light. The device works 120 hours, which is equivalent to a full year of placing silk cloth on the Kaaba.

– A winding machine to make a test sack of converting silk threads from kom to shilling to make a test on it

– A friction test device, in which 4 samples of silk cloth are placed inside the device to determine the strength and resistance of the silk cloth to friction.

– A device for testing the resistance of the fabric to the lint.

– Tensile strength test device The tensile strength of raw silk threads is tested after the washing process and after the dyeing process.

As well as testing the tensile strength of the patterned silk fabric and the pillow in the direction of warp and in the direction of the weft.

– A distillation device to treat the acidity of the water to become “ph7”, and the water is used in the process of washing and dyeing silk.

– A “pH” device to measure the acidity of the water and its quality inside the cans of the sample dyeing test device, and the samples are subjected to a number of stages during their progression to the final production line.

According to the Presidency of the Two Holy Mosques, “The Kaaba’s garment passes 22 tests through modern technology and technologies provided by the state, which withstands all environmental and climatic conditions so that the House of God remains majestic.” The presidency revealed that these tests are:

Plain woven friction test.

Patterned woven friction test.

Testing of tensile strength and elongation in the direction of the weft.

Test the tensile strength and elongation in the direction of the warp.

Thickness test for embossed fabric.

Thickness test for plain weave.

Histological test.

Tensile strength and elongation test.

Color comparison test.

– Test the number of threads.

Thread number test.

– Twist test.

Thickness test.

Dry wash color fastness test.

Color fastness test against washing.

Raw washing test.

Dye test for silk and cotton.

Dry/acid scrub test.

Wet/Basic/Organic Scrub Test.

– Color fastness test against salt water –

Color comparison test for metals (gold – silver).

– Testing the tensile strength and elongation of metal wires (gold – silver).

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