A press report prepared by the Qatari “Al-Jazeera” channel revealed the reasons that led the late Iraqi President Saddam Hussein to choose war and military confrontation with the United States over exile.
The report said that Saddam Hussein chose war and military confrontation by refusing, on March 18, 2003, to go into exile granted to him by former US President George W. Bush.
Iraq faces a difficult fate after Saddam’s decision
The report pointed out that, after Saddam’s rejection, Iraq faced a difficult fate, which began with the US invasion in April 2003 and the intertwined warfare operations, killing and destruction.
Then Iraq suffered afterwards many of the security, political and economic problems that it is still suffering.
Retired Major General Majid Al-Qaisi believes that “the arrogance and pride of Saddam Hussein pushed him to go to the option of a military confrontation with Bush.”
He indicated that Bush was insisting on the war with his military build-up in the region at the time, which was impossible to return even if Saddam steps down.
The world let Saddam down
Al-Qaisi pointed out that Saddam believed that he could resist this fierce onslaught, and stand up to it by betting that someone will stand with him, but the world has let him down.
Al-Qaisi, who was an army officer with the rank of major general, compared the 1991 and 2003 wars launched by the United States against Iraq.
He added: We find that in the first, Bush the Father was able to mobilize the international community against Saddam and force him to leave Kuwait.
He added, “However, in 2003, Bush Jr. failed to mobilize international opinion to attack Iraq. Except for the British and some eastern countries that were lured by Washington with money.
Al-Qaisi referred to why Saddam resorted to military confrontation instead of stepping down. Despite his awareness of the weakness of the military capabilities of his army and the inability to repel the American army.
Al-Qaisi stressed that the decision to step down or choose exile was not in Saddam’s calculations.
Al-Qaisi indicated that the heads of dictatorial regimes choose to destroy the country, as happened in Iraq, then Libya and Syria later, in order to remain in power.
However, the Iraqi journalist, Mustafa Kamel, believes that Saddam was president of the republic and that it is not permissible constitutionally and morally to relinquish this responsibility. And he escapes from the confrontation and secures himself, and the country falls prey to the invaders.
And he indicated that the American side did not give security to Iraq and the Iraqis in the event Saddam steps down.
He added, “The Bush administration had announced that it was going to invade Iraq even if Saddam had left power.”
He continued: “It was later proven that all the reasons and excuses that America cited to justify the invasion of Iraq were false. Whether it is related to weapons of mass destruction, terrorism, or bringing democracy to Iraq.
A state of despair
For his part, the psychological researcher Dr. Alaa Al-Saffar considered that the state of despair that the Prime Time Zone reached in 2003 negatively affected the armed forces and prevented them.
On the ground, this situation was exemplified by the inability to resist for more than 3 weeks with weak and modest mechanisms that did not rise to the mechanisms and capabilities of the American forces.
He added, “Ostensibly, America placed the option of exile in front of Saddam. But in fact, she wanted to collide with him because she was fully aware of the weakness of the Iraqi army, which was “frustrated and desperate.”
He continued: “As well as the lack of professionalism and professionalism in the management of battles by Saddam. This is what made the general military, civil, and mobilization morale in a remarkable decline.
He added, “To move towards a gradual collapse at an accelerated pace with the start of the war, despite Saddam’s claim to be able to confront America.”
In the context, the Iraqi politician, Mithal Al-Alousi, said that Saddam succeeded in building an iron system with a mixture of the Russian Cuban-Chinese school.
He believed that one of the most prominent foundations of that school is mistrust of citizens and oppression, not only in opposition, but also by violators.
He continued: “In addition to his use of the East German Intelligence School to train his men with the security and intelligence services, it made it impossible to overthrow him and overthrow his regime from inside Iraq. This is what pushed America to wage war on it. ”
Al-Alusi described the attempt to change Saddam’s regime as akin to a “risk” that no one approached, which made Washington face one option, which is the overthrow of Saddam through a military war.
He added that Saddam was with the choice of war, because he believed that America would never do that.
However, the military expert Rabih Al-Jawary believes that Saddam rejected the option of exile because he knew very well that international courts would pursue him in his exile and bring him “for the crimes he carried out against his Prime Time Zone first, in addition to his invasion of Kuwait, secondly.”
He emphasized that Saddam did not think about the Prime Time Zone as much as he thought of himself through his decision to go to war that left a total destruction of the country.
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