Today, Wednesday, the Central Agency for Public Mobilization and Statistics said that the rate of contribution to economic activity (the labor force is attributed to the population of 15 years and over) reached 41.5% at the level of the Republic during the past year 2020.
The agency revealed a significant discrepancy between both males and females in the rates of contribution to economic activity, as the rates of contribution among males increased to more than four times that of females, reaching 67.4% for males, compared to 14.3% for females.
The data of the Central Agency for Public Mobilization and Statistics, issued today on the occasion of the International Day for Decent Work, which is celebrated on the seventh of October each year, shows that the disparity between the contribution of males and females is the prevailing pattern in the Egyptian labor market.
The Statistics Authority indicated in the statement, during which it reviewed the conditions and conditions of work and workers in Egypt from the reality of the labor force research for the year 2020, that the employment rate (the number of workers attributed to the population of 15 years and over) reached 63.4% for males, compared to 11.8% for females.
Regarding the elements of decent work, the agency explained that the idea of decent work includes a number of elements, the most important of which is the permanence of work (permanent work), where the percentage of workers in permanent work recorded 68.3% of the total wage workers, and this percentage rises to 88.0% among females compared to 65 % for males.
The percentage of workers in permanent work in the government sector recorded the highest percentage, reaching 98.6%, followed by workers in the public sector and public works with 95.6%, and the lowest percentage of workers with permanent work in the private sector (outside establishments) at 27.3%.
With regard to social and health protection, the percentage of workers participating in social insurance reached 44.7% of the total wage workers, and this percentage rises to 71.4% among females compared to 40.2% for males.
The agency indicated that the proportion of workers participating in social insurance in the government sector amounted to 97.2% of the total wage workers in the government sector, then workers in the public sector and public works by 93.4%, while workers in the private sector (outside establishments) were the lowest, reaching 10.8% Among the participants in this sector.
The percentage of workers participating in social insurance reached 44.7% of the total wage workers, and this percentage rose to 71.4% among females compared to 40.2% for males, while the percentage of workers with a legal contract reached 40.3% of the total waged workers and this percentage increased among females to reach 73.1% compared to 34.8 % among males.
The Statistics Authority said that the percentage of workers with a legal contract in the government sector amounted to 98.3%, then workers in the public sector and public works by 94.5%, then workers in the private sector (inside establishments) by 30.8%.
This percentage reaches its lowest level among workers in the private sector (outside establishments), reaching 0.9% of the total waged workers in this sector.
The world celebrates on the 7th of October of each year the International Day of Decent Work, and agrees with the issuance of the decision of the World Trade Union Confederation in 2008 to promote the idea of decent work to obtain the basic rights of workers, especially their right to decent work and dignity.
The concept of decent work refers to the promotion of opportunities for all to obtain productive work opportunities in conditions of freedom, equality, security and dignity.
According to the International Labor Organization, decent work includes suitable work opportunities, fair wages, social security for families, better possibilities for individual development and social inclusion, and a space of freedom for individuals to express their concerns and participate in decisions that affect their lives and achieve equal opportunities and equality in Treatment between men and women.
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The article “Statistics”: The contribution of males to economic activity is 4 times that of females. It was written in Al Borsa newspaper.