The history of the conflict between Saudi Arabia and the Emirates and the story of Sheikh Zayed, who died with a Saudi bullet in his thigh that they could not get out | A homeland tweeting outside the flock

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Commenting on the recent Saudi-Emirati dispute, Yemeni writer Anis Mansour, head of the CenterHere EdenStudies and a member of the International Federation of Journalists, in a tweet highlighting the history of wars between Al Saud and Al Nahyan.

Mansour said in a tweet to him on Twitter, which was monitored by (Watan), that during 200 years, 75 wars took place between the House of Saud and Zayed bin Nahyan, attributing this to confirmed historical sources, according to his description.

And the Yemeni writer continued in his tweet that Sheikh Zayed, the founder of the modern Emirates, died with a Saudi bullet in his thigh that they could not get out, and the issues between the two parties have not been resolved until today.

Recently, a sharp dispute erupted between Saudi Arabia and the UAE, which drew the attention of the Arab and Western media. Especially after the tension surfaced with statements from the Kingdom criticizing Abu Dhabi’s position regarding the level of oil production within the framework of “OPEC +”.

According to analysts, there have been accumulations in Saudi-Emirati relations about two years ago, and they began to appear publicly in the last stage, in light of the intensification of economic competition and the contradiction between the two countries in strategic options.

History of the conflict between Saudi Arabia and the Emirates

It is noteworthy that the history of the conflict between Saudi Arabia and the UAE is very long, and the dispute under the ashes is greater and deeper. They are neither friends nor dear ones, as it appeared during the last period, but the momentary need requires this temporary alliance.

“The UAE has fought 57 battles against Saudi Arabia over the past 250 years. The Saudis are not my dear friends, but we only need to reach an understanding with them,” Abu Dhabi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Zayed himself said in one of the WikiLeaks documents leaked in November 2010.

This indicates that the history of the tribal conflict between the House of Saud and the Sheikhs of the Emirates is old and rooted, and they are conflicts that arose over influence, control and dependency, and later developed into other forms of disputes, the most prominent of which we will try to summarize in this report.

New old disputed border disputes

In 2006, the UAE issued new maps in its annual book showing an area disputed with Saudi Arabia – we will mention it later – called Khor Al-Adeed, which belongs to Emirati territorial waters.

In an escalation by Saudi Arabia, in 2009, the Kingdom suspended the entry of Emirati citizens into its lands using identity cards, as is the case, in protest of the UAE changing its geographical map on identity cards among its citizens.

The UAE Ministry of Foreign Affairs responded to the Saudi decision by asking Emiratis wishing to travel to Saudi Arabia or cross the Kingdom’s territory by land to the GCC countries to use their passports instead of identity cards.

In June of the same year, Saudi Arabia stopped thousands of trucks at the border crossing between it and the UAE as a result of the tensions, and explained that this was part of strengthening control over the entry of cars from the Emirates into its territory.

Relations between Saudi Arabia and the UAE almost broke off in 2010

In 2010, relations between the two countries nearly broke off when two UAE boats fired on a Saudi boat in “Khor Al-Adeed” and detained two Saudi border guards, which left a significant impact on the relations between the two countries. This major crisis was growing day by day.

Read also: Sources: The UAE “blackmails” Saudi Arabia and put these conditions before it to complete the oil production agreement إنتاج

In order to understand the story of the border dispute crisis between the two sides, we must go back in time a little. This problem is represented in disputed lands since the beginning of the seventies of the last century, namely the Shaybah oil field, which has a production of 500,000 barrels per day, and the Khor Al Adaid area.

Khor Al Adaid and Shaybah field

The story of this dispute is great, and it began with Sheikh Zayed Al Nahyan’s attempt during the establishment of the UAE to include the emirates of Qatar and Bahrain for the Emirati union, so that it would be nine emirates and not seven as is the case now.

Here, looking at the map, an area called “Khor Al-Adeed” occurred as an orbit of dispute between the two countries in the coastal region separating the Emirates and Qatar, and this point was precisely the reason for Saudi Arabia’s objection to the establishment of a sea bridge between the Emirates and Qatar in 2005.

After many negotiations and maneuvers between the two countries, Saudi Arabia and the UAE signed a border agreement in 1974, known as the Jeddah Agreement, which stipulated that Saudi Arabia own the coast separating Qatar and the Emirates, and ensured that an alliance between the two countries would not be considered a strong alliance that would extend its control with it over the Gulf region.

In 1999, the UAE, with the support of Oman, boycotted the conference of foreign and oil ministers of the Gulf Cooperation Council countries in Saudi Arabia, which was held in conjunction with the inauguration of an oil field in Shaybah, on the pretext that the host country does not involve the UAE in sharing oil revenues from this field over Despite the 1974 agreement.

The Jeddah Agreement stipulated the demarcation of the border between the two countries, as Saudi Arabia ceded part of the Buraimi Oasis in exchange for a coastline of about 50 km separating Qatar and the Emirates, as well as owning the Shaybah field, part of which extends within the territory of the Emirates, and Saudi Arabia also obtained Al-Huwaisat Island.

In 1999, the UAE, with the support of Oman, boycotted the conference of foreign and oil ministers of the Gulf Cooperation Council countries in Saudi Arabia, which was held in conjunction with the inauguration of an oil field in Shaybah, on the pretext that the host country does not involve the UAE in sharing oil revenues from this field over Despite the 1974 agreement.

The problem of demarcation of oil sourcesبع

The border disputes between Saudi Arabia and the UAE, in its second part, are the problem of demarcating the oil sources, as Saudi Arabia controls the bulk of the Shaybah field, at a time when the UAE is trying to uphold its right to own the field based on official maps and documents.

According to the text of the agreement signed between the UAE and Saudi Arabia regarding the Shaybah field, the UAE claims that the giant field is 80% within its territory and has the right to develop this field and benefit from its oil production in full.

The years 2006 until 2009 were the height of this dispute, in which Saudi Arabia dealt with the crisis as it is now dealing with the State of Qatar, as it prevented Emiratis from entering with their cards, and stopped the entry of commercial trucks to it, which led to the retreat and silence of Abu Dhabi again on this issue.

Matters between the two countries remained neutral until the death of Sheikh Zayed, and with the assumption of Crown Prince Khalifa bin Zayed after the death of his father, he raised this agreement again between the two countries during the first visit to Riyadh in December 2004, as the UAE considers this agreement unfair to it, and says that it signed it in exceptional circumstances. While Saudi Arabia considers that the agreement is current and that it has the right to Al-Udeid region.

This crisis continued and grew and inflated year after year, and as we mentioned above, the years 2006 until 2009 were the height of this dispute, in which Saudi Arabia dealt with the crisis as it and its alliance are now dealing with the State of Qatar, where it prevented Emiratis from entering with their cards, and stopped the entry of commercial trucks to it, which led Abu Dhabi retreated and became silent again on this issue, and the water was temporarily restored between the two countries, but the dispute still exists, and it may explode again after the enemy allies finish their other battles.

Princes’ disagreements and the WikiLeaks documents

And WikiLeaks’ leaked documents on decision-making circles in the United States show that Abu Dhabi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan was secretly mocking the Saudis and their political system.

He was mocking the Saudi king’s stammering and criticizing his ignorance, as he incited US officials against Saudi kings and princes, while publicly pretending that he was an ally of the kingdom and that relations between him and officials in Riyadh were in the best condition.

Read also: Turki Al-Hamad makes a fuss in a tweet about the rapprochement between Saudi Arabia and Oman and its impact on the alliance with the UAE

Sheikh Mohammed bin Zayed tried more than once to incite the Americans against the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, and he did not stop there. Rather, he spoke with many words that represent an insult to the king and officials in Saudi Arabia, as well as other phrases that are considered a comprehensive insult to all the Saudi Prime Time Zone, especially when he described them as ignorant and backward as an inference. that 52% of Saudis cannot drive a car, in reference to the ban on women driving cars in the Kingdom.

According to a document dated April 21, 2008, the Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi, Sheikh Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan, held a meeting on April 16 of the same year with the Commander of US Naval Operations, and the two men discussed various issues, and bin Zayed told the official Al-American: “The world has changed, and the UAE will remain optimistic despite its presence in a region dominated by underdevelopment. He gave an example of the backwardness of its neighbor Saudi Arabia, whose 52% of the population cannot drive.”

Abdullah bin Zayed incites against the regime in Saudi Arabia

Another document dating back to June 25, 2008 reveals that Foreign Minister Abdullah bin Zayed was also trying to incite the Americans against the regime in Saudi Arabia, and that his attitude towards King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz was extremely negative.

He told an American official that he did not see any promising faces in the younger Saudi princes, adding: “The Saudi regime only allows the corrupt and those allied with the religious sheikhs to reach the top.”

Bin Zayed added: “The Saudi leadership does not have a long-term vision, which allowed the extremists to become powerful, and therefore the whole region is suffering now.” Bin Zayed added during the same meeting: “The Saudi leadership is aging.”

According to a document dated June 12, 2004, Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, Ruler of Dubai and Prime Minister of the Emirates, told General John Abizaid, commander of US forces in Iraq during a dinner meeting in Abu Dhabi: “We – Mohammed bin Zayed and I – when We look at more than 100 kilometers in front of us, as the Saudi leadership does not look at more than two kilometers only.”

Ibn Rashid added: “The Saudi leadership does not have a long-term vision, which allowed the extremists to become powerful, and therefore the whole region is suffering now.” Bin Zayed added during the same meeting: “The Saudi leadership is old.”

The document stated that the Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi told an American official: “90% of the Saudi Prime Time Zone are waiting for the Americans, after they finish Iraq, to ​​change the House of Saud for them.”

Earlier, WikiLeaks published a document in which the Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi, Sheikh Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan, mocked the late Saudi Crown Prince, Prince Nayef bin Abdulaziz, and compared him to a monkey, and the document stated that the Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi told an American official: “90% of the Prime Time Zone The Saudis are waiting for the Americans after they finish Iraq to change the House of Saud for them.”

In August 2016, a conference was held in the Chechen capital, supported by Mohammed bin Zayed, to redefine “Ahl al-Sunnah wal-Jama’ah.” The recommendations of the conference, titled “Who are the Sunnis and the Community,” were attended by Sheikh Al-Azhar and a number of clerics and preachers supported by the state. The Emirates, that “Ahl al-Sunnah wal-Jama’ah are the Ash’aris and Maturidis in belief and the Prime Time Zone of the four schools of jurisprudence, and the Prime Time Zone of pure Sufism in knowledge, morals and purification,” according to the conference statement, which excluded in its presence and conclusion any presence of Salafism and Wahhabism, which angered and angered Saudi Arabia.

The participants at the time, and from Grozny, which is affiliated to Russia, both physically and officially, considered that the conference represented an important and necessary turning point to correct the sharp and dangerous deviation that affected the concept of Ahl al-Sunnah wal-Jama’ah, following the attempts of extremists to hijack this honorable title, restricting it to themselves and excluding its Prime Time Zone from it,” according to their expression.

At that time, the relationship between the two countries was greatly strained, and Saudi Arabia expressed its anger, and its writers and sheikhs attacked the conference and its supporters. Saudi Arabia responded to the conference with another conference called the “Mina Conference,” which was held in the holy city of Makkah, warning against any bloc that “divides Muslims.”

The participants also identified the ancient Sunni religious institutions in the Islamic world as Al-Azhar Al-Sharif, Al-Qarawiyyin, Al-Zaytouna, Hadramawt and the centers of science and research between them and with the religious and scientific institutions in the Russian Federation, most of which are supported by the UAE regime.

This Saudi anger made the Al-Azhar institution officially disavow some of the conference’s contents, explaining that it did not and will not exclude the Salafist movement or Wahhabism, and this led to Chechen President Ramzan Kadyrov’s apology to Saudi Arabia about the conference.

The conference “Islam is a message of peace and moderation” warned against penetrating the ranks of Muslims, in a way that contradicts the peace and moderation of their message.

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