In a report, the Russian Federal News Agency sheds light on the conflict between Moroccan forces and the Polisario rebel front. Predicted a crushing defeat for the latter.
The investigation by Vladimir Sharapov, the proxy journalist, on the situation in the Moroccan Sahara, confirmed that what was published by the Polisario media. Loud statements about resuming the war are greatly exaggerated.
In his report, Sharapov indicated that the separatists are unable to confront the Moroccan army, which regularly receives modern equipment from America.
Polisario is trying to get the world’s attention
And in his investigation of how the Polisario Front is trying to draw the world’s attention to the Moroccan Sahara. Vladimir Sharapov said that any open confrontation would end in the complete defeat of the Sahrawi separatists.
“They have nothing left but to hope for the help of world powers to put pressure on Rabat,” he added in his report.
Sharapov also noted that “in 1991 the United Nations announced its intention to hold a referendum for self-determination in the Sahara. But this has not happened during the past thirty years. ”
He continued: “Also, the Sahrawi regions are under Moroccan sovereignty, and for the length of this period no country has put pressure on the Kingdom to hold the referendum.”
The Russian journalist believes that, on the contrary, many agreed with the Moroccan sovereignty over the Sahara, and they opened diplomatic missions there.
He added that even France, which talks about a just solution, is not opposed to the Sahara becoming self-governing.
It is the proposal submitted by Morocco to resolve the conflict, Sharapov adds.
According to the Russian agency’s investigation, only the Polisario Front, Algeria and South Africa express discontent in this file.
The Russian journalist concluded his investigation by saying: “It seems that the international community implicitly accepts the full sovereignty of Morocco over the Sahara.”
It is worth noting that it was last November 13th. Morocco announced the launch of a military operation in Guerguerat area Buffer zone in the Western Sahara on the border with Mauritania.
According to the Moroccan army, the operation was launched in order to re-establish freedom of civil and commercial movement in the area.
At the time, Morocco condemned the provocations, after the closure of members of the Front for the Liberation of Sakia El Hamra and Oued Edda (Polisario) since October 21.
The Valley of Gold and the Polisario Front
The Valley of Gold is the road that passes through, especially trucks transporting goods towards Mauritania and the countries of Sub-Saharan Africa.
The Polisario Front announced after that the end of the cease-fire in effect since 1991. In response to the Moroccan military operation in Guerguerat, Morocco confirmed its adherence to the ceasefire agreement.
And Morocco, which controls 80% of the Western Sahara, proposes granting it autonomy under its sovereignty.
Meanwhile, the Polisario, supported by Algeria, is calling for the organization of a referendum on self-determination mentioned in the 1991 agreement.
Polisario accept negotiations but!
The Polisario Front announced earlier its willingness to resume negotiations with the United Nations on the status of Western Sahara. But she said she did not intend to stop the armed struggle.
Sidi Ould Okal, Secretary-General of the Ministry of Security, said: “We previously gave full confidence to the international community and stopped the struggle permanently and waited 30 years. We lived through procrastination and false promises.
Ould Okal affirmed the front’s readiness to negotiate and for any mediation, adding: “For us, this struggle will continue. There are negotiations and there are no negotiations.”
American recognition of Moroccan sovereignty
It is noteworthy that former US President Donald Trump announced at the end of last year the United States’ recognition of Moroccan sovereignty over Western Sahara.
This came after the announcement of Morocco’s acceptance of normalization with Israel and the restoration of relations between the two countries, which have been suspended since 2010.
Who are the Polisario?
The front was established on May 20, 1973 with the aim of establishing an independent state in Western Sahara.
The name Polisario refers to the initials of the “Popular Front for the Liberation of Saguia el-Hamra and the Valley of Gold” in Spanish.
Polisario military activity began during the Spanish colonization of the region and has received aid from Libya and Algeria.
Then it waged an armed conflict, with both Morocco and Mauritania, over the independence of the territory, but Mauritania withdrew from its side from southern Western Sahara.
Between 1975 and 1976, it declared the establishment of the “Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic” and formed a government in the Tindouf region in the far south of Algeria.
Mustafa Sayyid al-Wali al-Raqibi assumed the presidency for three years from its founding in 1973 until his death on June 9, 1976. During an attack on the Mauritanian capital Nouakchott, Muhammad Abdel Aziz succeeded him as secretary general of the front and president of the Revolutionary Command Council from August 1976 until his death in May. / May 2016 to take over leadership of Ibrahim Ghaly.
What do we know about this conflict, which is one of the longest running conflicts on the African continent?
The Western Desert extends over an area of 252,000 km on the northwest coast of the continent. It is a sparsely populated area. With a population of 567 thousand Prime Time Zone, according to United Nations and World Bank statistics.
Morocco, which controls 80 percent of the territory’s territory, says that Western Sahara is an integral part of its territory and does not mind having the region. On autonomy, to remain under Moroccan sovereignty, while the Polisario Front, with support from neighboring Algeria, insists on a referendum on self-determination. The ceasefire agreement signed in 1991 also stipulates BBC report .
Continent’s longest conflict
The conflict actually began in 1975, when Spain, before its eviction from Western Sahara, signed the Madrid Agreement with Morocco and Mauritania. Under which the two neighboring countries divided the Sahara, but the armed Sahrawis who founded the Polisario Front, rejected the agreement and continued to demand their secession. The Front stepped up its operations and instigated demonstrations calling for independence, while Morocco and Mauritania turned to the International Court of Justice.
On October 16, 1975, Morocco announced its organization of the “Green March” towards the Sahara region. In January 1976. The “SADR” was declared with the support of Algeria.
And Morocco began in the early eighties of the last century building a sand wall around the cities of Smara, Laayoune and Boujdour to isolate desert areas rich in phosphates. And the main desert cities, and this wall made the most important desert lands safe from attacks by Polisario militants.
Morocco’s position was strengthened by Libya’s abandonment of support for the Polisario since 1984 and Algeria’s preoccupation with its internal crisis.
The Western Sahara crisis is considered one of the longest political and humanitarian conflicts in the world. During this war, many Sahrawis sought refuge in Algeria, where they have been staying in camps for decades.
Estimates of their number vary, as the website of the High Commissioner for Refugees attributes the Algerian government to the saying that there are 165,000 Sahrawi refugees. In the five camps near Tindouf, while some United Nations agencies indicate that the number ranges between 90 and 125 thousand refugees.
United Nations agencies indicate that these refugees are living in difficult conditions.
The United Nations managed to impose a ceasefire between Morocco and the Polisario Front in 1991 without reaching a final settlement of the conflict so far.
A buffer zone was established along the disputed area, separating the part under Moroccan administration and the part controlled by the front. And the UN peacekeepers are responsible for securing the area.
Western Sahara is blessed with rich fishing grounds, phosphate reserves, and is believed to be home to untapped offshore oil deposits.
The SADR, which the Polisario Front announced in 1976, is recognized by several governments, and is a member of the African Union.
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