Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan’s many internal problems have forced him to design a new foreign roadmap capable of integrating some of his regional neighbors with whom he has shined so powerfully.
magazine commented “Atlayar“The Spanish, on restoring the bridges of the relationship between Turkey and Egypt after a decade of hostility, as the Turkish and Egyptian delegations met in Ankara, while Erdogan is redefining his foreign policy.
Mahalla said this second round could change the geopolitical order in the Middle East in the next few months. The two delegations are scheduled to discuss bilateral issues towards promoting and normalizing relations on the basis of mutual interests.
The relationship between Turkey and Egypt
The Spanish magazine said in its report, which was translated by the newspaper “Watan”, that the sudden political transformation, which was carried out by Turkey, comes after the many internal problems forced Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan to design a new foreign roadmap, capable of integrating some of his regional neighbors, Who had severe disagreements with them over the years.
In a related context, Egypt is one of the main players in these disputes. The overthrow of the Muslim Brotherhood leader and close ally of Turkish President Mohamed Morsi in 2013 by then-defense minister Abdel Fattah el-Sisi caused a series of deep rifts between Ankara and Cairo in the past eight years. Disagreements seem to be a thing of the past, and this is what both countries expressed after the second summit.
The second round of negotiations
A delegation headed by Egyptian Deputy Foreign Minister Hamdi Sanad Loza traveled on Tuesday to Ankara to hold a new bilateral meeting with his Turkish counterpart, Sedat Unal, accompanied by high-ranking government officials.
The meeting will cover various topics, in addition to that there will be a focus on the convergence of positions between the two sides. It is worth noting that in the first round of talks, which was held on May 5 in Cairo, Egypt and Turkey dealt with the foundations of differences, which caused strained relations between them.
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A “frank and deep” summit, this is how the two sides described the Cairo round of negotiations. The two countries are showing positive signs of rapprochement, especially Turkey, which is the party most interested in the issue of consensus.
For his part, Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu expressed his optimism after the second meeting and told NTV that they would “take steps to appoint a new ambassador” if progress was made in the negotiations. Cavusoglu stressed the “positive measures” launched by the Turkish executive authority to improve relations with its neighbors, and concluded by saying that at the level of international relations, “there is no permanent friendship or enmity.”
Sisi’s regime is superior to Erdogan’s regime
With regard to Egypt, the Sisi regime is outperforming its Turkish counterpart given Ankara’s regional isolation. In any case, the North African country will jeopardize its relations with Greece and Cyprus, if an agreement is reached with Turkey.
Therefore, the Egyptian president will demand a series of concessions from Erdogan, while determining future steps, as he did last July.
In fact, as a result of the first summit held last May, and fearing that tensions would arise on the Greek-Egyptian line, the Egyptian Ministry of Foreign Affairs issued a statement condemning the reopening of the Cypriot city of Varosha as a message of reassurance to Greece, a city in eastern Cyprus, located in the northern part it occupies Turkey.
Conditions of rapprochement between the two countries
Cairo and Ankara are taking an unusual approach to smoothing out the political problems caused by the Arab Spring and the 2011 revolutionary outbreak that changed the regional order. Where the uprisings, against the regimes of Tunisia, Libya, Syria, Bahrain and Yemen, reached Tahrir Square, in the heart of the Egyptian capital, which led to the overthrow of former President Hosni Mubarak, after great popular pressure. Through this gap, Erdogan saw a golden opportunity to control the region and impose his agenda, by supporting the Muslim Brotherhood.
In the same period, the leader of the Justice and Development Party achieved his third consecutive victory in the elections and was experiencing its political peak. The president welcomed the Arab Spring uprisings, a strategy that annoyed the Gulf kingdoms as a serious threat to their stability. On the other hand, he modified his foreign policy after abandoning his neutral role and his proximity to his NATO partners, to become a regional leader.
To impose his political agenda, Erdogan established links with the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt, and succeeded in promoting their candidacy for the elections held in Egypt in 2012. This challenge sought to make the Turkish-Egyptian axis the dominant actor at the regional level, which ended in failure after the Egyptian army coup against the Wilayat The Muslim Brotherhood, the same year that Erdogan was facing a popular uprising against him.
Differences between the two intensified, after supporting different factions in the Libyan civil war. A scenario that has been repeated with the relations between Saudi Arabia and the UAE, the countries with which he also intends to approach. Therefore, Riyadh has made normalization of relations between Ankara and Cairo a condition for improving its ties with Turkey.
There was also a strong case for Erdogan to stop supporting political Islam in the Arab region. Not to mention that one of Sisi’s demands now is to hand over 10,000 militants from the Islamic organization residing in Turkey, groups that Cairo considered “terrorist.”
Shift in foreign policy
The strenuous efforts of the Turkish government to restore bilateral relations with its neighbors are part of a core strategy aimed at easing its regional isolation. The lack of partners, exacerbated the dispute over the hydrocarbon riches in the Mediterranean waters, accelerated inflation and the devaluation of the lira, which put Erdogan in an unenviable position.
In this context, the Turkish president is seeking to pursue a new foreign policy based on pragmatism, which predicts his abandonment of the basic principles of ideology, which have shaped the success of his presidency so far.
Implicitly, Erdogan is still developing his Islamist agenda, but he is trying to maintain the government thanks to the support of the Justice and Development Party, a formation that advocates the doctrine of the Blue Homeland, a theory by which Turkish sovereignty extends from the Black Sea to the eastern Mediterranean via the Aegean. On the level of foreign relations, Erdogan is building bridges with his neighbors after mentioning that he has cut support for Islamic movements.
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