Despite his sensitive health, as a result of his infection with the emerging Corona virus, and going through a long hospitalization period in Germany, Algerian President Abdelmadjid Tebboune is still determined and determined to restore the reins of foreign policy and international negotiations, in which Algeria usually participates.
magazine highlighted”Atlayar“Spanish highlights a series of measures taken by the Algerian president, in which seven political figures were appointed by republican decree to prestigious positions responsible for the most pressing international issues.
In contrast, these measures are seen as central decisions, taken by the Algerian head of state to wrest strategy and diplomacy from the military intelligence services.
Decisions of Algerian President Abdelmadjid Tebboune
In its report translated by Watan newspaper, the magazine said that the appointments of the Algerian president included several positions and names, including the assignment of Ammar Blani to the issue of Western Sahara and the Maghreb countries, Ahmed Benyamina, to issues of international security, and Boudjemaa Delmy responsible for African issues, especially Geostrategic issues in the Sahel-Saharan region, in addition to the Supreme Committee of the Signature and Reference Agreement in Mali emanating from the peace process of Algeria.
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In addition to the appointment of Taous Haddadi Jellouli, in the position of the national community residing abroad, and Abdel Karim Harchaoui in economic diplomacy, and the tasks of the Arab countries file were given to Noureddine Awam, and finally Leila Zerrougui was named as the supervisor of major international partnerships.
To complete the restructuring of the foreign policy system, Abdelmadjid Tebboune relieved all ambassadors and diplomatic representatives of their posts and conducted a major diplomatic movement comprising more than 70 posts of heads of diplomatic and consular posts.
This redeployment is characterized by the President of the Republic’s desire to mobilize the expertise of many highly experienced executives, as well as to promote many young diplomats, in favor of defending Algeria’s interests in the world, while attaching great importance to the role of women, and enhancing their representation in prestigious leadership positions.
In addition, the role of the new appointees is the analysis and proactive ability, to establish effective and proactive diplomacy, with the ability to initiate on major regional and international issues, which fall within the logic of influence to enhance Algeria’s role as a productive mediating power, and a source of peace, stability and security.
In fact, the appointment of Amar Blani, who is responsible for the issue of Western Sahara and indirect relations with Morocco, sparked a great deal of controversy.
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Because of his intransigence in supporting the Polisario Front and his hostility to Moroccan politics in all fields. The duties of the former ambassador to the European Union and NATO will focus on dealing with the most complex issue for the Algerian regime at this time.
Moreover, the Presidency of the Republic itself will impose the guidelines that the new officials will follow, for Algeria’s strategy and international relations, and not the army.
Reconciliation between Morocco and Algeria
In response to Saudi Arabia’s mediation attempts to reconcile between Algeria and Morocco, Ammar Blani made it clear in his first statements, that “there will be no mediation or settlement on this issue.”
Ammar Blani will receive new instructions for his duties, through Minister Ramtane Lamamra.
In the same vein, President Abdelmadjid Tebboune has strengthened the Crisis Prevention and Management Committee, a body responsible for identifying and dealing with threats that may affect Algeria, and which should cooperate with, but not replace, the national defense. It is a method adopted by President Abdelmadjid Tebboune, to allow the presidency to penetrate into a sector in which the army has monopolized a large area.
So far, there have been no responses from the opposition, whether from civil society or intellectuals, to the changes made by the president, but these measures coincided with the call of more than 240 intellectuals and activists, from civil society in Morocco, for the non-collapse of diplomatic relations and the necessity of reconciliation between Algeria and Morocco. .
Historical Algerian-Moroccan relations
The Moroccan novelist and thinker, Hassan Orid, the man who shared a class with King Mohammed VI, and former spokesman for the Royal Palace in Morocco, mentioned in one of his writings the extent of the deep historical relations between the two peoples and between the two regimes.
He said, “The one who designed the Moroccan flag was an Algerian named Kaddour Ben Ghabrit, the same person who formed the protocol of the Makhzen regime.
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Whoever inspired the celebration of the Throne Day, was an Algerian residing in Sale, and that the first secretary of King Mohammed V was the jurist Si Maamari (Mohamed Maamari), born in the Algerian Kabylie region, as he was the first head of royal protocols and ceremonies, and the guide of the princes in the royal palace.
He also noted that historical ties were not limited to the field of administration, but extended throughout history to the field of struggle against French colonialism. Published on Morocco’s Independence Day, November 18, 1955″.
In an extensive investigative work published by the London-based Al Quds Al Arabi newspaper, Hassan Orid also points out that “the first president of independent Algeria, the late Ahmed Ben Bella, was of Moroccan origin, specifically from the outskirts of Marrakesh, and his family moved to live from Marrakesh to the Algerian city of Maghnia.
In addition, the relations between the two countries are shown in the personality of Mehdi Ben Barka, who was Hassan II’s professor, and studied at the University of Algiers. Last but not least, Orid mentioned that President Ben Bella surrounded himself with advisors, including Moroccans Mohamed Taheri Al-Jouti and Salam Jebali.
The first contributed to laying the foundations of Algerian agriculture, recovered from the hands of French settlers.
This former colleague of Mohammed VI confirmed that there are many Algerian personalities, who lived in Morocco before the independence of their country, such as Houari Boumediene, Abdelaziz Bouteflika, Larbi Belkheir, Kasdi Merbah, Yazid Zerhouni, Abdellatif Rahal, Sherif Belkacem, Chakib Khalil and others.
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As for the close relations, which this sudden division of diplomatic relations cannot hide, we find the Moroccan organization, secretly supported, from the first arms factories in the Algerian Liberation Army, in which international fighters such as the Argentine Roberto Muniz, known as Mahmoud, which indicates The five workshops for the manufacture of weapons, which were held in Morocco, were held with the connivance of Sultan Mohammed V and Crown Prince Hassan II.
In conclusion, despite the dangerous escalation of tension between Algeria and Morocco, which makes it easier for the armed Polisario groups to carry out incursions into the Western Sahara region, the two peoples are reluctant to embark on a military adventure that neither of them can emerge victorious.
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