Last Wednesday, 29, the governor of São Paulo, João Doria, announced the almost total resumption of activities in mid-August
The immunologist and research coordinator of vaccines Gustavo Cabral de Miranda, from the Institute of Biomedical Sciences at USP, believes that a national alignment would be the best way to contain the pandemic of Covid-19. He, who works on developing immunizations against coronaviruses, Zika and chikungunya, argues that isolated state measures are a big risk. “It’s no use seeking, having individual actions by the States, thinking that this will generate results in the control of the pandemic. When we talk about pandemics, we talk about planet. We cannot be responsible for the planet, but we can for the nation. An action by an individual State, which does not follow national guidelines, tends to do so. Even if it has initial control, the pandemic tends to return even stronger”, he assesses. Last Wednesday, 29, the governor of São Paulo, João Doria, announced the almost complete resumption of activities in mid-August.
In an interview with Morning newspaper, gives Young pan, Cabral de Miranda recalled that the most efficient weapon against infectious and contagious diseases is the vaccine — the responsibility of the Ministry of Health through National Immunization Plan (PNI). “Individual actions are extremely rash and political.” For the immunologist, it is still too early to talk about a third dose of the vaccine or a second round of immunization starting next year. “When we think about vaccination, we have to follow some basic precepts. We cannot say that there will be a third dose in the middle of a pandemic, where a large part of the population is suspicious of the vaccine’s effectiveness. People will find the vaccine doesn’t work well. Campaigns of this kind make people suspicious. To think about a third dose, we need a basic data: the durability of the vaccine’s efficacy. We don’t have that, thankfully. If we did, it would mean that the vaccine stopped working”, he explains.
Gustavo Cabral de Miranda warned of the risks of variants, such as the delta. “Last year, we were talking about risk groups. This year, the entire population is gone. In the United Kingdom and the United States they managed to control the pandemic. But with new variants dispersed, they are taking a step back. This alerts us too. We need to be careful. The virus doesn’t listen to our directions, it just disperses. When we generate openness without punctually following the guidelines, we lose that control. It is extremely important to take into account that the variant is here and, with the spread of the virus, new variants may emerge that may partially escape the vaccines.”
He warns that flexibilization is natural — and it should happen. “Not through political promises, but through scientific guidance. If it gets out of control, next month we don’t go back to distancing, but to isolation. And we don’t want lockdown.” The research coordinator at ICB-USP also warns that the “vaccine passport” is a profitable but dangerous strategy. “Keeping countries out of control is profitable because it will generate new variants. It can escape the vaccine and force adaptations in the immunizers. The countries that have the conditions will consume. But it’s dangerous because, although it makes huge profits for a part of the pharmaceutical companies, the whole system can break down.” Therefore, he defends that actions must be global.