Hours before Pedro Castillo was sworn in at the Congress, in Lima, and assume the presidency of Peru, the team responsible for the transition announced that the Ministry’s inauguration, also scheduled for this Wednesday, 28, would be postponed to Friday, 30. According to the Peruvian press, the delay is due to uncertainties about the names of the team, in special on the presidency of the Council of Ministers, whose inauguration is scheduled for this Thursday, 29.
The biggest focus of pressure comes from Castillo’s own party, Free Peru. Its leader, Vladimir Cerron, who wants a government more to the left than the one proposed by the new president, defends the name of Róger Nájar, responsible for the Bicentennial Plan, a program for the first 100 days of Castillo’s government.
This year, Nájar tried to run for Congress, but was excluded from registration because of problems with the courts: he did not inform electoral authorities that he faced a lawsuit for non-payment of child support to a daughter whose paternity he never acknowledged.
According to Grace Kelly Nájar Escudero, her mother was just 14 when she became pregnant in Nájar, then 30 years old – when she refused to have an abortion in 1987, she heard from the now candidate to head the Council of Ministers that he would not help us. expenses with the girl, now 34 years old.
There are still questions related to the declaration of expenses related to a failed candidacy for the government of the Ucayali region, in 2019. With so many stains on its political past, there were not few voices, including on the left, to rise against the nomination.
“We don’t want more impunity in a just country. May the hope of a new and better Peru be reflected in those who will form the government. We demand a government without aggressors,” wrote former deputy Indira Huilca, of the Novo party, on Twitter. Peru.
Some allies suggest the nomination of the vice president, Dina Boluarte, also from Free Peru, as a consensus name, allowing the official announcement of the ministers. The need to balance forces within a government that will need to make concessions to Congress, led by the opposition, also influences the choice of names seen as less radical.
Along these lines, one of the main ministers of the new government must be Pedro Francke, a left-wing moderate quoted for the economy, and who worked to soften Castillo’s radical image in the markets. He is the author of most of the proposals defended in the speech of the new president, including measures to create 1 million jobs in one year, as well as actions to curb inflation and a commitment to respect private property.
For the Health portfolio, the bet is on former congressman doctor Hernando Cevallos, another ally of Vladimir Cerrón. In Foreign Affairs, the name of sociologist Héctor Béjar has emerged in recent days – before Castillo took office, he participated in a meeting with Ecuadorian president Guillermo Basso, in Lima, alongside Dina Boluarte.
According to experts, postponing the inauguration of a Cabinet is still a risk for the new president, since his decisions will have no validity without a team of ministers in their posts.
In an interview with the newspaper El Comercio, the constitutional lawyer Alejandro Rospigliosi warns that, in practice, the country finds itself in a “power vacuum”, since the mandate of ministers in the government of Francisco Sagasti also came to an end this Wednesday.
The Peruvian Constitution, in its article 120, considers acts that need ministerial confirmation to be null, but also does not set a deadline for ministers to be presented – that is, by delaying the inauguration of his Cabinet, Castillo is not violating the law.
Jurists remember the case of Martín Vizcarra (2018-2020): the inauguration of the president of the ministerial council, Vicente Zeballos, took place on the same day as the then president’s oath to Congress. However, the Cabinet was only announced three days later.