Political parties entered the STF contesting the constitutionality of the measure; parliamentarians believe that the text makes it impossible to combat false news
While officials and political leaders are still analyzing the consequences of the president’s radical speech Jair Bolsonaro in the demonstrations this Tuesday, 7th, the first responses to the attacks made on the Supreme Court (STF) are coming from the National Congress. According to the Young pan, the president of the Senate, Rodrigo Pacheco (DEM-MG), must return the provisional measure (MP) which limits the removal of content published on social networks, edited by the head of the federal Executive on Monday, 6. Also last night, Pacheco announced the cancellation of this week’s sessions. In the evaluation of members of the top of the House, there is no “political climate” to vote on any matter.
According to lawmakers heard by the report, senator Jean Paul Prates (PT-RN), leader of the Senate Minority, had a telephone conversation with Pacheco, in which the Senate president would have said that he would make a decision on the matter between this Wednesday, 8, and Thursday, 9. Interlocutors of the DEM congressman say he will listen to other party leaders before making a decision. Despite the caution, senators assess that the rejection of the MP is almost unanimous.
As soon as it was edited by Bolsonaro, the MP was criticized by parliamentarians, political parties and digital platforms. This Tuesday, the PSDB filed a Direct Action of Unconstitutionality (Adin) in the STF. According to the lawsuit, the provisional measure “makes it impossible to combat the dissemination of false news on social networks and leaves the way open for attacks on democracy.” Solidarity also filed an Adin in the Supreme Court. In a note signed by Federal Deputy Paulo Pereira da Silva, Paulinho da Força, the national president of the acronym, stated that the initiative is “unconstitutional and quite inconvenient” and was used to “inflate the movements” on 7 September. Rapporteur of the Marco Civil da Internet, federal deputy Alessandro Molon (PSB-RJ), leader of the Opposition in the Chamber, sent an official letter to Pacheco asking that the text be returned.
A provisional measure takes effect from the date of its publication, but, to become law, it needs the approval of Congress. The MP is valid for 60 days, and may be extended for another two months. If it is not approved within 45 days, it will lock the agenda of the Legislative House in which it is being processed. Since 1988, MPs have only been returned on four occasions. The last time was in 2020, when the then president of the Senate, Davi Alcolumbre (DEM-AP), returned the text that dealt with the change in criteria for choosing deans of federal universities.