Nevada State Governor Steve Sisolak announced plans to launch Innovation Zones that would allow technology companies to form their own local governments.
According to the local newspaper Las Vegas Review-Journal, Steve Sisolak revealed this new concept during his State of the State address on January 19, describing zones as a way to attract companies that are at the forefront of “innovative technologies” such as blockchain, autonomous technology, robotics, artificial intelligence, Internet of things, technology wireless and renewable energy.
According to a draft of the proposed legislation, the Innovation Zones would allow technology companies to form separate local governments in Nevada, which would have the same county authority, including the ability to collect taxes, form school districts and courts of law and provide government services.
Within the Innovation Zones, companies would assume the responsibilities of the municipalities where the zones are located. They would become government agencies independent directors managed by a three-member board of supervisors, who could be appointed by the company.
The legislation states that the proposed Innovation Zones should have at least 20,234 hectares of undeveloped and uninhabited land and that the land must be within a single county. The terrain must also be separated from any city, municipality or current tax area.
The technology company would need to demonstrate an initial investment of $ 250 million, in addition to providing a plan with an additional investment of $ 1 billion over a 10-year period.
The company would be required to report your legislative progress every two years, describing your capital investments, infrastructure development, the number of people employed and an estimate of the economic impact of the area.
The draft text of the proposal states that the traditional model of local government is “inadequate in itself to provide the flexibility and resources conducive to making the State a leader in attracting and retaining new forms and types of business and in promoting economic development in emerging technologies and innovative industries ”.
In addition, the proposal adds, this “alternative form of local government” is necessary to assist economic development within the state.
Who wants to live in the “city of Tesla”?
The portal Interesting Engineering reports that Nevada has already successfully attracted Tesla to the state, having the technological giant Elon Musk built his Gigafactory there.
In early 2016, Tesla began production of its Tesla Model 3 electric motors and Tesla batteries and energy storage products at its Nevada facility.
According to the Electrek, Tesla concluded a second installation alongside its original that can, according to a source, be used to produce Tesla’s all-electric semicion, the Tesla Semi.
So the Interesting Engineering suggests that a “Tesla city” could possibly be one of the cities installed thanks to this bill, if it is approved by the state of Nevada.
America’s corporate cities
America has a long history of corporate cities, places where all homes and stores belong to a single company that is also the main employer.
Like the proposed Innovation Zones in Nevada, business cities were generally organized around a single industrysuch as coal or metal mines, sawn wood or steel production.
Pullman, for example, was developed during the 1880s on the outskirts of Chicago to house the 6,000 workers who built railroad cars, freight cars, trolleys and elevated train cars, along with their dependents.
In 1893, when demand for wagons fell, George Pullman lowered employee wages and increased working hours, but did not reduce the cost of rent or goods in the city. This led to Pullman strike of 1894, which ended rail traffic west of Chicago.
To suppress the strike, President Grover Cleveland sent troops, and on July 7, 1894, national guards fired on a group of strikers, killing 34 people. This led to an investigation by a presidential commission and the Illinois Supreme Court forced George Pullman to dispose of your city property, which was annexed by the city of Chicago.
A more philanthropic view of the business city was offered by Milton Hershey, founder of Hershey Chocolates. In 1903, he founded the city now known as Hershey, Pennsylvania.
Hershey opened a new factory on site and founded a model city to house your company’s workers. The city included a public car system; houses for workers with modern amenities, such as electricity, internal plumbing and central heating; free school for the employees’ children; a free vocational school for orphans and the needy; and an amusement park, golf courses, community center, hotel, zoo and sports area.
The idea behind the city was to create “a perfect american city in a natural bucolic setting, where healthy, well-paid and well-paid workers lived in safe and happy homes ”.
Maria Campos, ZAP //