According to them, motor development is directly linked to the cognitive part
Imagine one of the most important moments of learning when the letters, the numbers are being recognized, being severely impacted by the pandemic. The analysis is from a survey carried out by teachers from Federal University of Rio de Janeiro with support from Maria Cecília Souto Vidigal Foundation. They interviewed more than two thousand public and private school educators in the Southeast and Northeast: 78% of teachers report that preschool children are learning less than they should be. Nathalia is an educator and teacher of Early Childhood Education in São Paulo and observes difficulties in the virtual environment. “We notice a very large gap in relation to the development of children. Cognitive, in language, in all aspects. ”
The UFRJ survey also mapped the socioeconomic profile of families in the context of remote classes. Between the middle and upper classes it was found that the frequent involvement of students with activities was around 40%. The result is worse among students from vulnerable families, who often do not have full access conditions. One of the coordinators of the research, Tiago Bartholo, warns that the little ones need help from a guardian, which does not always happen, especially in the poorest families. For him, the theme of inequality must be a priority for governments.
“Before the pandemic period, this was a very relevant issue because in the last 20 years we have seen a slow improvement in learning indicators, but we have not seen a decrease in inequality. If that was an issue before the pandemic, this is an issue that should be at the forefront of the national debate. ” Professor Mariane Koslinski, another coordinator of the study, also says that almost half of the interviewed parents reported breaking the routine of outdoor activities, which impacts on development. “This motor development is highly related to cognitive development. The fact that these movement restrictions are also worrying. They go together. If it stopped developing in the engine, it will affect the cognitive part. ” As for the return of the face-to-face classes, the educators say that it is extremely necessary, but gradually, according to protocols and at a safe time.
* With information from reporter Carolina Abelin