Sunday, April 18, 2021

Special Lava Jato: Operation made the perception of impunity change in Brazil – Prime Time Zone

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Task force started on March 17, 2014; at the time, it was estimated that the schemes moved R $ 10 billion

Valter Campanato / Agência BrasilThrough Alberto Youssef, the researchers reached Paulo Roberto Costa, former director of Petrobras

The Brazilian dictionary has gained new terms in the past seven years. And the fight against corruption it has never been so present in people’s lives: award-winning pleading, coercive driving, task force, search warrants, offshores are words that are now known. March 17, 2014 was marked by the first of 80 phases of the Operation – and, among the detainees, the money changer Alberto Youseff. The Federal Police gave the name of Car wash because of a gas station in Brasilia: the establishment was used as a facade to move values ​​of illicit origin.

The testimonies stopped Brazil. Through Alberto Youssef, the researchers came to Paulo Roberto Costa – taken to the board of Petrobras by the deputy José Janene, who died in 2010. At the time, the estimate was that money laundry and foreign exchange evasion amounted to R $ 10 billion. A house of cards started to collapse: the prisons were widening, like the one in Nestor Cerveró. The winning claims were devastating. The Operation reached large Brazilian contractors, such as Odebrecht, Andrade Gutierrez and AOS. The presidents of the companies were arrested.

This caused the perception of impunity to change in Brazil. Politicians like Sérgio Cabral, Eduardo Cunha, José Dirceu, Delcídio do Amaral e Antonio Palocci they were swept away by the hurricane. The PT André Vargas, then vice-president of the Chamber, was involved in the scheme, resigned as commander and left the party. In 2014, after the world Cup, the economic crisis worsened in Brazil. Even though, Dilma Rousseff got re-election. The President of the Republic did not miss the chance to attack Lava Jato’s investigation methods.

Dilma Rousseff was angry with Delcídio, who accused her of interfering in the Operation. In 2016, the senator and former government leader was revoked. For political scientist Rubens Figueiredo, Lava Jato represented a paradigm shift. “Because it made Brazilians believe that here, at least ideally, there was no impunity. And Lava Jato opened up a systemic system of corruption to society. ” The Brazilian population started to get acquainted with the prosecutors of the 13th Federal Court of Curitiba.

Called the Lava Jato task force coordinator in the capital of Paraná, Deltan Dallagnol fought against corruption. Operations and arrests were authorized by what came to be considered a champion of morality: Sergio Fernando Moro. The judge in Curitiba was a scholar of Operation clean hands, gives Italy, in the 1990s – which also wiped out corruption in the country. But fighting the powerful was not an easy task and Operation Clean Hands made progress, but it ended up failing. And what would be the future of Lava Jato?

* With information from Thiago Uberreich and Adriana Reid

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