Although the problem has already started to be felt in July, last week it stopped reaching only industrial areas and extended to residential neighborhoods. The population was advised not to use devices with high consumption during peak hours.
A lack of energy in the northeast region of China is leaving homes without electricity and dictating the shutdown of countless factories. The situation is reaching such dimensions that some establishments are operating using candlelight, which is contributing to increase the economic consequences of the problem – aggravated, in social terms, by the fact that temperatures are starting to drop to the typical values of autumn in that region, that is, very low.
From last week, to energy distribution has been rationed in times of greatest demand, with the population — who resort to social networks to appeal to the government to resolve the situation — complaining that the cuts are happening with more frequency it’s at last more time.
The National Energy Administration has already ordered coal and natural gas distribution companies to ensure the distribution of sufficient energy for keep the houses warm during the Winter.
The origin of this crisis may be, points out the The Guardian, the limited supply of coal and the more restrictive rules on carbon emissions, which could harm the productive component of industries in various regions and, ultimately, constitute a risk for global supply chains – at a time when the world is still facing a lack of microcomponents necessary for the production of electronic devices (in Portugal, AutoEuorpa is the most relevant example).
Chinese companies with factories in the worst-affected regions were almost forced in recent days to suspend productions, so as not to exceed the limits imposed by the State Government that aimed to promote efficiency.
However, economists and environmental groups believe that the factories will have already exceeded the values established for the the entire year 2021, as a result of increased demand caused by the stop that the pandemic forced. On the horizon, there are also complicated months in view of the near christmas.
A Apple, for example, should also be harmed, with your company supplier components manufacturer Eson Precision Engineering to announce on Sunday that it would reduce plant activity in Kunshan, west of Shanghai, until Thursday, “in line with “restrictive policies of energy use imposed by the local government”.
The company clarified that the decision should not have a “significant impact” in operations, while Apple has so far opted not to comment.
In addition to the economic and social consequences, the situation has already had an impact humanitarian. In Liaoyang City, 23 factory workers were hospitalized after the complex’s ventilation system was turned off after a power cut.
In the same city, there are still reports that report the decline of the situation since July until last week it reached a severe level — with the cuts expanding from the industrial zones to the residential.
In Huludao, local officials asked residents not to use electronic devices with big energy consumption such as water heaters or microwaves during peak hours. Reuters recently reported that many shopping centers are also reduce opening hours.
The energy crisis is thus worsening at a key moment when the Chinese economy is, in a post-pandemic context, signs of slowdown. At the same time, the country is currently facing enormous uncertainty related to the future of Evergrade, the second largest real estate company in the country.
Internationally, China has committed to a 30% reduction in the intensity of its energy. Some regional authorities, in recent months, to redouble their efforts with a view to reducing the emission of greenhouse gases, as only ten of the 30 regions managed to achieve the goals set in this area in the first half of the year.