The National Security Adviser of the government of United States, Jake Sullivan, comes to Brazil next Thursday for a series of meetings with representatives of the Brazilian government, in an agenda in which environment and the auction of 5G should be the main themes.
In a note distributed by the US embassy in Brasília, National Security Council spokeswoman Emily Horne informs that “the delegation will meet with leaders to discuss opportunities to strengthen the Brazil-US strategic partnership, improve regional stability, advance climate goals, collaborate with the digital infrastructure, and help chart a path to recovery from the covid-19 pandemic.”
Despite the new government of Democrat Joe Biden being more discreet in the pressures, the American position of preventing the entry of Chinese 5G equipment in Latin America — especially in Brazil — is maintained and, with the proximity of the technology auction in Brazil, the window for any influence is closed.
Under pressure from operators, who already use Chinese equipment, the government did not impose restrictions on the use of Huawei material in regular 5G networks, but created in the auction notice a private network for the federal government and security services, to be financed by the companies, which will not be able to use Chinese equipment.
The decision, however, does not respond to the American intention which, as in the Trump administration, is to see the Chinese banned from the system.
Another topic that will enter Sullivan’s conversations with the Brazilian government is the environment. The Brazilian government is negotiating a financing agreement with the United States for environmental actions, but the posture of former minister Ricardo Salles, who left the government two months ago, was frowned upon by the Americans.
At the moment, the Biden administration’s special climate envoy, John Kerry, has been talking more with governors — with whom he met last week to discuss possible funding for state programs to combat deforestation — than with the federal government.