The United States’ offer of dialogue with Iran to re-establish the 2015 nuclear pact “is still standing”, awaiting a response from Tehran, Jake Sullivan, national security adviser to US President Joe Biden, advanced this Sunday.
Jake Sullivan said that Biden is, in the first place, “determined to prevent Iran from obtaining a nuclear weapon”, but at the same time considers that “a firm and clear diplomacy is the best way to do it”.
“And for that is willing to sit at the table to chat with the Iranians on how we can re-impose strict restrictions on your nuclear program. This offer remains standing, because we believe that diplomacy is the best way to do it ”, declared the national security adviser to the President of the United States, in the program Face the Nation gives CBS News.
Jake Sullivan said that “Iran has not yet responded, but what happened as a result is that the script was reversed ”.
“Now it is Iran that is diplomatically isolated, not the United States. And the ball is in your court, ”added the adviser.
The European Union, which coordinates the Common Comprehensive Action Plan (JCPOA), wants to invite the United States to an informal meeting with Iran and the other signatories to the agreement (Russia, China, France, the United Kingdom and Germany), to discuss a script.
“We are reviewing the proposal and consulting with other partners, China and Russia, but we believe that the return of the United States to the JCPOA and the lifting of sanctions do not require negotiations ”, said the Iranian vice-chancellor and nuclear negotiator, Abás Araqchí.
The JCPOA was signed in 2015, between Iran and six major powers (China, United States, France, United Kingdom, Russia and Germany), to limit the Iranian atomic program in exchange for exemption from international sanctions.
The agreement has been very fragile since Donald Trump withdrew Washington in 2018 before restoring economic sanctions.
In response, Tehran was gradually abandoning most of the commitments made in the agreement and planned to limit international inspections of more sensitive nuclear-related sites.
According to adviser Sullivan, Washington intends to communicate “directly” with Iran about the detention of US citizens in that country, classifying the situation as “absolute and total outrage” and a “humanitarian catastrophe”.
“We started to communicate with the Iranians on this issue”, informed the adviser, predicting that Iran will continue to do so as they move forward, but admitting that the message will be that it will not accept “a long-term proposal”.
“It will be an important priority for this administration to get American citizens back home safe and sound,” said Sullivan.
On Friday, Russia considered the first gestures of the new US government towards Iran positive and the relaunch of the 2015 nuclear agreement, from which the United States had withdrawn at the initiative of Donald Trump.