What has Merkel achieved?


On September 26, elections for Chancellor will be held in Germany. It will also be a day of nobility for Angela Merkel. With his departure, the era will end, not only for Germany, but also for the European Union. Angela Merkel, 67, is the country’s first and last female chancellor. He has ruled Germany since 2005 and is the third longest-serving in the country’s history. It was long ruled by Germany by Otto von Bismarck in the 19th century and Helmut Kohl in the 20th century. For the last 16 years, German politics has revolved around Merkel. The situation was similar in the case of the European Union. Merkel was seen as the most influential politician in the 27-member bloc with the ability to defuse difficult disputes. At the beginning and end of the Brexit process, the British prime ministers, Cameron and Johnson, were hoping for Merkel’s help and support. It was as a result of negotiations with Merkel that Britain was able to leave the EU without completely severing ties with the bloc. Even during the 2008 economic crisis, Merkel played a major role in saving the EU currency. “If the euro falls, so will Europe,” Angela Merkel said at the time. He played an important role in imposing tough economic measures on the indebted southern European countries and at the same time providing financial assistance to those countries that were particularly in difficulty. “Crisis management has always been its strength, whether it was saving the euro during the global crisis, in 2009, or defending European unity during the refugee crisis, or now dealing with the pandemic,” said Judy Dempsey, a Carnegie Endowment for International Peace researcher. However, Dempsey calls Angela Merkel’s political legacy “ambiguous.” “Its legacy in foreign policy is inconsistent, especially with Russia and China and some EU member states,” he said. Some critics believe that Merkel was not tough enough in her relations with Russia and was overly prepared for the fact that profit and business were determined by Germany’s relations with Beijing. Some scholars agree that Merkel’s decisions were not always unequivocally positive. However, they also say that in some cases, the chancellor simply had to do what was necessary. “In Europe, the Great Recession and the European debt crisis have put Merkel at a disadvantage as more than 20 countries have sought to stabilize their economies,” said Robert Terrell, a professor at Syracuse University. Merkel has a reputation as a cautious politician, though she was not cautious when it came to the 2015-16 migration crisis. Hundreds of thousands of asylum seekers from the Middle East, sub-Saharan Africa and Central Asia were then accepted into Europe. Critics of Merkel say her open-door policy has fueled waves of migration that have disrupted Europe and strengthened populist, nationalist parties. “The refugee crisis was another turning point in his tenure as chancellor, which will undoubtedly play a crucial role in shaping his legacy,” Terrell said. “Merkel’s decision in 2015 to open the door to more than a million refugees, split the nation in two,” the researcher said. However, open immigration policy has not been a problem only within the country. Merkel’s decision also caused dissatisfaction in some EU countries. Among them were Poland, Austria and Hungary. During her 16-year rule, Merkel also made changes to the party. “During Merkel’s leadership, Germany changed. “He turned the conservative, male-dominated Catholic party to the center, which is not an easy task for someone who grew up in communist East Germany and whose bravery was a Lutheran pastor.” Changes in the party were not the only thing Merkel was able to do, she also made some liberal changes in Germany: Merkel’s supporters also praise her for canceling 17 nuclear power plants in Germany. It was a very bold move against the backdrop of many and influential energy lobbyists in the country opposing it. In the end, experts agree that one of Merkel’s main achievements was to avoid conflict as much as possible. It was a special gift for the Germans. .