The full composition of the 10th convocation parliament took more than 7 months. Protests were held in parallel during this time; Nika Melia, chairman of the National Movement, was arrested and released by a special operation; Georgian Prime Minister Giorgi Gakharia has resigned, and European Council President Charles Michel himself has joined talks between the opposition and the government.
The 2020 full parliament was due to attend the session on December 11 last year, however, this only became possible on June 8.
The composition of political parties and coalitions has changed during these seven months. In addition, some politicians who were in the top ten of this or that party have stopped their parliamentary activities. There are only two parties whose members have not changed in the last seven months: “Citizens” and “Lelo”.
The Georgian Dream party, which has a majority in parliament, has changed significantly. The number one on the list, Giorgi Gakharia, resigned from parliament on December 29 for the post of Prime Minister. Tea Tsulukiani (Minister of Culture) and Mariam Kvrivishvili (Deputy Minister of Economy) refused their mandates due to their return to the executive branch.
Mandates of the so-called “Georgian Dream” Was shortened after the separation of “Gakharia team”. A 6-member group (Giorgi Khojevanishvili, Ana Buchukuri, Aleksandre Motserelia, Beka Liluashvili, Shalva Kereselidze, Mikheil Daushvili) left the party about two months after the resignation of the Prime Minister. After the withdrawal of 6 deputies from the majority, “Georgian Dream” has 84 seats left in the parliament.
“National Movement” – the power is in unity
The largest opposition bloc, the National Movement – the force in unity, continues its parliamentary activities with not 36, but 32 deputies. Former party chairman Grigol Vashadze and Salome Samadashvili, as well as members of the Republican Party Khatuna Samnidze and Tamar Kordzaia were expelled from the bloc. Kordzaia also left the “Republican Party”, the reason was to unite in the party faction.
Parties outside Parliament
Although they won seats in the 2020 elections, 3 parties do not continue their parliamentary activities. Labor Party leader Shalva Natelashvili does not agree with the document drafted with the involvement of European Council President Charles Michel and does not enter parliament; The only party that was not rejected by the majority during the boycott of the (three) seats was the Patriots Alliance. The party won four seats, but instead of the leaders of the Patriots Alliance, businessmen on their list entered the parliament. Irma Inashvili, Giorgi Lomia and Gocha Tevdoradze were replaced by Fridon Injia, Gela Mikadze and Davit Zilfimiani. The deputies elected from the “list of patriots” formed the party “European Socialists”.
Another party left behind in parliament is “European Georgia”. Davit Bakradze, elected on behalf of the party, continues his parliamentary activities as a non-partisan MP; Shalva Shavgulidze and Armaz Akhvlediani Faction “Lelo – Partnership for Georgia”; Tariel Nakaidze joined the “Charles Michel Michel Reform Group” faction; Elene Khoshtaria refused the mandate.
Girchi won parliamentary seats for the first time in the October elections. A few weeks after the election, its leader and number one, Zurab Japaridze, left the party. He founded a new party, Girchi – More Freedom. A few weeks ago, Tako Charkviani left the Strategy Builder coalition due to his decision to enter parliament (he has not yet decided how he will continue working).
As a result of the change in the composition of political parties and unions, two opposition factions were formed in the Parliament: “Lelo – Partnership for Georgia” (Mamuka Khazaradze – “Lelo”; Badri Japaridze – “Lelo”; Ana Natsvlishvili – “Lelo”; Davit Usupashvili – “Lelo”; Salome Samadashvili – Non-partisan; Armaz Akhvlediani – non-partisan; Shalva Shavgulidze – non-partisan) and Charles Michel Michel Reforms Group (Giorgi Vashadze – “Strategy Builder”; Teona Akubardia – “Strategy Builder”; Paata Manjgaladze – Republic “; Zura Japaridze -” Girchi – more freedom “; Tarieli Nakaidze – non-partisan; Grigol Vashadze – non-partisan).
There will be 148 instead of 150 deputies in the next parliament. The ruling party has 84 deputies, while the opposition has 64. It is impossible to replace the remaining deputies, as the opposition parties boycotted the so-called Spare lists opened.